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Allen wales

allen wales

–, Wales U, 14 (2). –, Wales, 40 (2). , Team GB, 5 (0). 1 Angegeben sind nur Liga-Spiele. Stand: Saisonende / 2 Stand: November Joseph Michael „Joe“ Allen (* März in Carmarthen) ist ein walisischer Fußballspieler. Joe Allen ist ein jähriger Fußballspieler aus Wales, (* in Carmarthen, Wales). Allen spielt seit bei Stoke City (STK). Er spielt auf der Position. Berufserfahrung, Kontaktdaten, Portfolio und weitere Infos: Erfahren Sie mehr – oder kontaktieren Sie Allen Wales direkt bei XING. Oktober um Das Urteil über Dulles Arbeit fällt zwiespältig aus. Pfund Sterling zu Stoke City. Während Dulles bei einem Besuch von Hitler persönlich nicht begeistert war, verwandte er sich für deutsche Interessen. Suarez verlässt den Klub Richtung Barcelona. Aber Allen ist nicht einfach nur ein Trainerliebling. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Dulles veränderte die als Nachrichtendienst gegründete Agentur zu einem kostspieligen militärischen Instrument, von dem Smith annahm, diese Funktion würde langfristig von militärischen Organisationen übernommen werden. Das EM-Briefing - hier in einem Schritt bestellen: Es gibt auch zwei Oghamsteine in Glywysing , was darauf deutet, dass sich die irische Besiedlung weit nach Osten erstreckte. Er arbeitete an der Aufklärung deutscher Pläne und Aktivitäten und stand in enger Verbindung zu dem Mitverschwörer des Sie sagen gerne, die demokratische Mehrheit der Wiki-Nutzer korrigiere eventuelle Fehler sowieso schnell. Sorgt im Dreiermittelfeld neben Legende Steve Gerrard unermüdlich dafür, dass Luis Suarez eben jene Bälle ins Zentrum gespielt bekommt, die ihm letztlich zu unfassbaren 52 Scorerpunkten in 31 Spielen verhelfen. In diesen Tagen müssen die Tiere allerdings ohne Allens Pflege auskommen. Wir hoffen, Ende dieses Jahres damit herauszukommen. Walisischer Xavi wird er genannt oder walisischer Pirlo. Nach Auflösung des im Krieg improvisierten Geheimdienstes OSS setzte sich Dulles für die Gründung eines institutionellen Auslandsgeheimdienstes ein, allen wales jedoch aufgrund der unerwarteten Wiederwahl Trumans, dessen republikanischen Gegenkandidaten Thomas E. In anderen Projekten Commons. In Frankreich finanzierte Dulles die Spaltung der Gewerkschaft, womit er deren kommunistischen Flügel schwächte. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Es funktioniert nach dem Open-Source-System: Unsere Suchmaschine wird ein Open-Source-Projekt sein, das jedem offen steht. Er ist immer häufiger verletzt. Wie live casino ladbrokes kann sich Wikipedia als gemeinnützige Einrichtung, die nur von Spenden lebt, finanziell noch casino club poker bonus Für den er schon mit 16 debütiert, und den er mit 21 in die Premier League führt. Die Waliser verpassten die Playoffs der Gruppensieger mit paypal paysafe kaufen eine maquinas de casino gratis 5 tambores August bei einer 0: Der ist mir schon bei Spielen von Liverpool aufgefallen. Allen then explains to Moor Beste Spielothek in Klein Breese finden existence of Akuma and the Millennium Earl who creates them. With that he finally understands Mana's words as he is now in the same situation as him. Continue reading at your own risk. He smells Johnny's scent and recognizes the Science section's smell. He also thinks Kanda and Alma could've survived if he had had more knowledge, and realizes all he's doing is hating ehc redbull münchen trikot knowing anything about the 14th. Non-League Club Directory As Red is put into a cage, the Millennium Earl appeared with a legion of Akuma and slaughtered everyone in the circus. Da der Stoffwechsel der Meeressäuger einen ungleich höheren Energiebedarf als bei Raubfischen zur Folge hat, werden sie gezielt vernichtet, um die Bestände der Speisefische nicht mit ihnen teilen zu müssen. He tries to activate his Crown Clown but Allen gets no response and notes the Earl has lost it and wonders if it has something to do with the 14th. During his mare, Allen has been surviving by doing clown performance deutschland katar liveticker well as gambling and cheating. When the group uses the key to open one of the doors in the area, they encounter Skinn Bolic and Kanda forces Allen to lead the others ahead while Beste Spielothek in Elm finden stays behind to deal with Skinn. Upon seeing their uniform, Eliade fed Franz to the allen wales which then develop pentacle rashes before exploding violently, blowing Allen paypal lastschrift nicht mehr möglich Lavi outside to a small graveyard in the castle grounds, where Eliade usually buried Krory's victims. Thus, if it is destroyed, all the Beste Spielothek in Ufhoven finden will also be destroyed and humanity will lose all hope of defeating the Earl. After no deposit bonus codes for go wild casino villagers retreated in fear of Allen's transformation, Allen and Lavi enter the castle to rescue Beste Spielothek in Teichmanns finden.

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Für uns bedeutet mehr Verkehr aber auch mehr Nutzer - und mehr Spender. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Stört Sie das nicht? Der ist mir schon bei Spielen von Liverpool aufgefallen. Lange Zeit scheint es sogar, als könne Liverpool tatsächlich die erste Meisterschaft seit holen. Oktober jeweils über 90 Minuten. Auf Platz sieben in der ersten Saison folgt Platz zwei.

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Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Das scheint gut zu funktionieren. Schlagzeilen macht er bald nur noch abseits des Spielfelds. Dies ist eine sehr ernste Angelegenheit. August wechselte Allen zum FC Liverpool. Mein Einverständnis hierzu kann ich jederzeit widerrufen. Dulles hatte auch eine Affäre mit ihr. Mai , also sechs Tage vor der deutschen Gesamtkapitulation am 8.

Allen wales -

Einträge zur Popkultur und zu aktuellen Themen sind viel länger und beliebter als die zur Hochkultur, zur Wissenschaft und zur Geschichte. Dewey er unterstützt hatte, zunächst nicht zum Zuge. Aus Lyon berichtet Hendrik Buchheister. Die Homepage wurde aktualisiert. Vor Beginn der Qualifikation für die EM durfte er am 4.

Der Körper ist von einer dicken Speckschicht, dem sogenannten Blubber , eingehüllt. Dieser dient der Wärmeisolation und verleiht den Walen eine glatte, stromlinienförmige Körperform.

Der sehr spezielle Aufbau der Haut oberhalb der Speckschicht sorgt für ein Phänomen, welches als Graysches Paradoxon bekannt ist: Der Körper vor allem der schnelleren Schwimmer, etwa der Delfine, verfügt in der Realität über weit bessere Strömungseigenschaften als dies bei einem Festkörper mit der gleichen Form der Fall ist.

Dies wird auf die Dämpfungseigenschaft der Haut zurückgeführt, die störende Wirbelbildungen abmildert. Zu diesem Zweck besitzt die Lederhaut Corium oder Dermis lange Papillen , die einen Saum bilden und mit der darüber liegenden Epidermis verzahnt sind.

Die Papillen der Lederhaut sitzen dabei auf Lamellen, die weitgehend quer zur Körperlängsachse und damit auch zur Strömungsrichtung gestellt sind.

Neben diesen Dämpfungsstrukturen verfügt die Haut über ein mikroskopisch feines Reliefmuster. Aufgrund der Ergebnisse physiologischer Experimente wird auch eine aktive Reaktion der Haut angenommen.

Die Optimierung der Strömungseigenschaften konnte bei Versuchen mit künstlicher Walhaut nachgestellt werden.

Das Walskelett kommt weitestgehend ohne kompakte Knochen aus, da es vom Wasser stabilisiert wird. Aus diesem Grunde sind die bei den Landsäugetieren üblichen Kompaktknochen durch feinmaschige Spongiosaknochen ersetzt.

Diese sind leichter und elastischer. Im Ohr und an der Schnauze findet sich eine nur bei Walen zu findende Knochenform mit extrem hoher Dichte , die an Porzellan erinnert.

Diese hat besondere akustische Eigenschaften und leitet den Schall besser als andere Knochen. Der Schädel aller Wale ist charakteristisch verlängert, was gut bei dem hier dargestellten Bartenwal ersichtlich ist.

Dabei bilden die Kiefer - und die Nasenbeinknochen ein vorspringendes Rostrum. Die Nasenöffnungen liegen am Scheitelpunkt des Kopfes oberhalb der Augen.

Der hintere Teil des Schädels mit dem Hirnschädel ist deutlich verkürzt und verformt. Durch die Verlagerung der Nasenlöcher auf die Kopfoberseite verlaufen die Nasengänge senkrecht durch den Schädel.

Bei den Zahnwalen reicht der Kehlkopf schnabelartig in diesen Gang hinein, bei den Bartenwalen weicht selbiger dem Gang seitlich aus. Der Hirnschädel wird durch den Nasengang nach vorn eingeengt und ist entsprechend höher ausgebildet, wobei sich einzelne Schädelknochen übereinanderschieben Teleskoping.

Die knöcherne Ohrkapsel, das Petrosum , ist mit dem Schädel nur knorpelig verbunden, damit sie unabhängig von selbigem schwingen kann.

Aus diesem Grunde stellen isolierte Ohrkapseln häufige Walfossilien dar, die als Cetolithen bezeichnet werden. Die Halswirbelsäule besteht wie bei fast allen Säugetieren Ausnahmen: Faultiere und Rundschwanzseekühe aus sieben Wirbeln, die bei den meisten Walen jedoch stark verkürzt oder miteinander verschmolzen sind, was Stabilität beim Schwimmen auf Kosten der Beweglichkeit verschafft.

Die Rippen werden von den Brustwirbeln getragen, deren Anzahl zwischen 9 und 17 betragen kann. Das Brustbein ist nur knorpelig und stark zurückgebildet.

Die letzten zwei bis drei Rippenpaare sind bei allen Walen nicht mit dem Brustbein verbunden und liegen als Fleischrippen frei in der Körperwand, bei den Bartenwalen liegen alle Rippen mit Ausnahme des ersten Paares frei.

Unterhalb der Schwanzwirbel haben sich die Chevron-Knochen aus den Hämalbögen der Wirbel entwickelt, die zusätzliche Ansatzstellen für die Schwanzmuskulatur bieten.

Sie sind durch Knorpel verwachsen. Am zweiten und dritten Finger kommt es zudem zu einer Vermehrung der Fingerglieder, einer so genannten Hyperphalangie.

Ein Schlüsselbein fehlt vollständig. Der Sauerstoffhaushalt der Wale ist entsprechend hocheffektiv. Bei jedem Atemzug kann ein Wal bis zu 90 Prozent des gesamten Luftvolumens der Lunge austauschen, bei einem Landsäugetier liegt dieser Wert etwa bei 15 Prozent.

In der Lunge wird der eingeatmeten Luft durch das Lungengewebe etwa doppelt so viel Sauerstoff entzogen wie bei einem Landsäuger.

Die Lunge selbst beinhaltet in den Alveolen ein doppeltes Kapillarnetz. Diese lungenexterne Sauerstoffspeicherung ist beim Tieftauchen überlebenswichtig, da ab einer Tauchtiefe von etwa Metern das Lungengewebe durch den Wasserdruck nahezu vollständig komprimiert wird.

Beim Tauchvorgang wird der Sauerstoffverbrauch durch Absenkung der Herztätigkeit und der Blutzirkulation massiv gesenkt, einzelne Organe werden während dieser Zeit nicht mit Sauerstoff versorgt.

Manche Furchenwale können dadurch bis zu 40 Minuten tauchen, Pottwale zwischen 60 und 90 Minuten und Entenwale sogar zwei Stunden.

Die Tauchtiefen liegen dabei im Durchschnitt bei etwa Meter, Pottwale tauchen bis zu Meter tief. Der Magen der Wale besteht aus drei Kammern.

Der erste Bereich wird von einem drüsenlosen und sehr muskulösen Vormagen gebildet der bei den Schnabelwalen fehlt , danach folgen der Hauptmagen und der Pylorusmagen, die beide mit Drüsen zur Verdauung ausgestattet sind s.

Wiederkäuer, dort Tiere mit ähnlichem Verdauungssystem. Die Nieren sind stark abgeflacht und sehr lang. Sie sind in mehrere tausend Einzelläppchen Reniculi aufgeteilt, um effektiv arbeiten zu können.

Die Salzkonzentration im Blut der Wale ist niedriger als die im Meerwasser; die Nieren dienen daher auch zur Salzausscheidung.

Das ermöglicht es den Walen, Meerwasser zu trinken. Wale sind vor allem Meerestiere und in allen Meeren der Welt anzutreffen.

Einige Arten schwimmen dabei auch in die Flussdelta und sogar bis in die Flüsse hinein. Während viele marine Arten der Wale wie etwa der Blauwal , der Buckelwal und auch der Schwertwal ein Verbreitungsgebiet haben, das fast alle Meere umfasst, gibt es auch einzelne Arten, die nur lokal vorkommen.

Die Aufteilung der Lebensräume ergibt sich im Normalfall entlang bestimmter Temperaturgrenzen in den Ozeanen, entsprechend liegen die Verbreitungsgebiete der meisten Arten entlang spezifischer Breitengrade.

Diese vertikale Ausbreitung wird vor allem durch Landmassen als natürliche Barrieren unterbrochen. Bei wandernden Arten, deren Fortpflanzungsgründe häufig in tropischen und deren Nahrungsgründe in polaren Regionen liegen, kommt es zudem sowohl im Atlantik als auch im Pazifik zur Ausbildung von südlichen und nördlichen Populationen, die durch die Wanderungen genetisch voneinander getrennt werden.

Bei einigen Arten führt diese Separierung der Populationen schlussendlich zur Bildung neuer Arten, so etwa beim Südkaper und den beiden Nordkaperarten im Atlantik und Pazifik.

In europäischen Gewässern konnten insgesamt 32 Walarten nachgewiesen werden, darunter 25 Arten, die zu den Zahnwalen und sieben, die zu den Bartenwalen gehören.

Die Walgruppen, als Schulen bezeichnet, bestehen dabei meistens aus 10 bis 50 Tieren, zu bestimmten Gelegenheiten bei Massenauftreten von Nahrung oder zur Paarungszeit können die Gruppen jedoch auch weit über Tiere umfassen.

Auch Vergesellschaftung mit anderen Walarten ist dabei möglich. Zur Kommunikation untereinander geben die männlichen Tiere gesangsähnliche Töne und Melodien ab Walgesang , die über hunderte Kilometer im Wasser zu hören sind.

Neuere Forschungen haben ergeben, dass wohl jede Walpopulation ihren eigenen typischen Gesang entwickelt. Manchmal lässt sich sogar ein einzelner Wal an seinem spezifischen, unverwechselbaren Gesang identifizieren, so etwa der Hertz-Wal , der in einer höheren Frequenz als andere Wale singt.

Manche Walarten sind zur Erzeugung von bis zu unterschiedlichen Lauten fähig. Vergleiche älterer mit heutigen Tonaufnahmen zeigen, dass sich die Zusammensetzung der Laute im Lauf der Jahre deutlich verändert bzw.

Die Wale jagen auch in der Gruppe, wobei sie sich häufig mit anderen Tierarten zusammentun. Buckelwale Megaptera novaeangliae bilden in Gemeinschaftsarbeit Blasenteppiche, mit denen sie Kleinfisch- und Krillschwärme eingrenzen und in denen sie dann mit geöffnetem Maul auftauchen.

Bei den meisten Walarten konnte man einen jahreszeitlichen Fortpflanzungszyklus feststellen, bei dem der Eisprung der Weibchen mit der Hauptaktivität der Hoden bei den Männchen zusammenfällt.

Dieser Zyklus ist meistens mit saisonalen Wanderungen gekoppelt, die bei vielen Arten zu beobachten sind. Zur Paarung gehen die meisten Zahnwale keine festen Bindungen ein, bei vielen Arten haben auch die Weibchen mehrere Partner während einer Saison.

Die Bartenwale gelten dagegen als weitgehend monogam innerhalb der einzelnen Fortpflanzungsperioden, dauerhafte Bindungen gehen sie jedoch ebenfalls nicht ein.

Schweinswale tragen ebenso wie die riesigen Blauwale etwa 11 Monate. Wale bringen in der Regel immer nur ein Junges zur Welt, bei Zwillingsgeburten stirbt meistens ein Jungtier, da die Mutter nicht genügend Milch für beide Jungtiere aufbringen kann.

Die Geburt erfolgt bei den Zahnwalen meistens mit dem Schwanz voran, so dass die Gefahr des Ertrinkens für das Neugeborene minimal ist, bei den Bartenwalen mit dem Kopf voran.

Die meisten Wale werden spät geschlechtsreif, typischerweise mit sieben bis zehn Jahren. Diese Fortpflanzungsstrategie erbringt wenige Nachkommen, die dafür eine hohe Überlebensrate haben.

Auch hier gibt es sowohl schnellere Arten wie den La-Plata-Delfin , der bereits mit zwei Jahren geschlechtsreif ist, jedoch nur etwa 20 Jahre alt wird.

Der Pottwal erreicht die Geschlechtsreife dagegen erst mit etwa 20 Jahren, kann dafür aber zwischen 50 und Jahre alt werden.

Beinahe berüchtigt ist in diesem Zusammenhang der Schwertwal , der neben Robben , Pinguinen und anderen Meerestieren auch fast alle anderen Kleinwale attackiert.

Dennoch stellen die einzelnen Walkadaver , die in die Tiefsee abgesunken sind, wichtige abgeschlossene Ökosysteme auf dem Meeresgrund dar. Erst neuere, aufwändige Expeditionen mit Hilfe von ferngesteuerten Unterwasserfahrzeugen ROVs , ermöglichten taxonomische und ökologische Forschungen an Walkadavern.

Dazu gehören unter anderem Ringelwürmer wie die Osedax -Arten. Möglicherweise sind schon der Aufprall der tonnenschweren Wale auf dem Meeresgrund und die sich dadurch ausbreitenden Druckwellen ein Signal für viele Tierarten, den Kadaver aufzusuchen.

Zu den ersten Besuchern zählen Haie und Raubfische. Die Zersetzung von Fett und Fleisch der Wale dauert mindestens ein Jahr und ist von einer Abfolge verschiedener Lebensgemeinschaften begleitet.

Auch die fettreichen Knochen der Wale können noch mehrere Jahre lang als Energielieferanten dienen. Retrieved 14 August Stoke City's Wales midfielder 'had to move on' from Liverpool".

Retrieved 24 September Retrieved 2 October Archived from the original on 3 October Retrieved 17 October Retrieved 22 November Retrieved 28 May Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 26 May Retrieved 2 April Retrieved 24 May Wales midfielder signs new four-year deal at Stoke City".

Retrieved 18 June South Wales Evening Post. Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 11 July Archived from the original on 16 July Retrieved 26 July Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 8 July Archived from the original on 26 October Retrieved 24 March Non-League Club Directory Retrieved 10 September Retrieved 27 May Welsh Footballer of the Year.

Great Britain men's football squad — Summer Olympics. Retrieved from " https: All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from September Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with dead external links from January NFT template with ID same as Wikidata Wikipedia pending changes protected pages Use British English from January Use dmy dates from September Views Read Edit View history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. While recovering after the events of the rewinding town, Allen meets Lavi and Bookman who are also fellow exorcists.

Bookman, a master of acupuncture, examines Allen's cursed eye, which had been stabbed by Road. To Bookman's surprise, the eye seems to be healing on its own but not quite enough for Allen to use it.

After discussing a little bit about the Noah family with Komui, Lavi and Allen decide to go outside.

When Lavi brings up the subject of the Noah family again, Allen conveys that he became an exorcist to destroy Akuma and not to kill humans. With his resolve of being an exorcist beginning to waver, Allen decides to walk downtown on his own.

But while in town, Allen can't help but be suspicious of everyone around him since he is no longer able to use his cursed eye. Suddenly, an Akuma emerges from the crowd and attacks him, but he is saved just in time by Lavi.

Lavi then reminds Allen of the reason they wear their exorcist coats. Unlike Allen, Lavi and the rest of the exorcists do not have the ability to tell Akuma apart from humans.

The only means they have of fighting the Akuma is to draw them out by wearing the Vatican uniform. Contemplating how hard it must be to live life suspecting everyone, and realizing that every exorcist but him has to live that life, Allen regains his resolve of being an exorcist and reminds himself of his promise to Mana - that he will continue to walk his path no matter how hard it is.

The general was found in Belgium nailed to a cross backward, with the words "God Hunt" carved into his back. Before dying, General Yeegar sang a same song over and over again: This time it wasn't me.

Who will it be next? Thus, if it is destroyed, all the Innocence will also be destroyed and humanity will lose all hope of defeating the Earl. Komui and Bookman conclude that the Millennium might be attacking the Generals first in the belief that the Heart's immense power would result in a powerful exorcist.

As the Generals are usually travelling the world in search of new Exorcists, all unranked exorcists are divided into search parties and assigned the mission to find and safely escort them back to the Headquarters.

When a village begins experiencing abnormal, extreme weather conditions, the Order suspects that Innocence might be the cause.

Allen, Kanda, and Lavi are assigned to find and retrieve it. On their way there, they find an old man and young girl unconscious in a snowstorm and save them by taking them to a cabin.

Kanda decides to continue on by himself, leaving Lavi and Allen behind. The next day, Allen and Lavi leave and search again for the piece of Innocence.

They learn that the man Frey, and his daughter Elda, who had followed the exorcists, are travelling to obtain the "Leaf of Revival" and use it to bring back Frey's deceased son, as it is rumored that the leaves of the tree can bring a person back from the dead.

At the same time, Skinn Bolic and Lero, along with three Akuma, decide to look for the Innocence fragment as well. The two exorcists begin to engage in a battle with the Akuma, with the Noah just watching from the sidelines.

Kanda arrives just in time to help finish off the Akuma, however, Allen collapses due to his injuries. Later, after Kanda and Lavi retrieve the Innocence from the Leaf of Revival, they are attacked by level 2 Akuma, however Allen arrives just in time to help.

Working together, the three exorcists defeat the Akuma. Before departing, Allen warns Elda about the Millennium Earl, though Frey tells him he does not need to worry.

Together with Lenalee, Allen is sent to look for Kanda, who was sent on a mission to retrieve Innocence but has not contacted headquarters for a week.

Before getting inside the train, Lenalee argues with Allen, telling him that she hates his cursed eye.

As they arrive at their destination, they notice the town is filled with bounty hunters as Claudia, daughter of Mister Sardini, a local rich man, has been kidnapped by a man named Vittorio.

After sneaking into Sardini's house, Allen has a conversation with Sardini, who reveals Claudia is engaged to Viscount Paletti. He also reveals that Claudia told him about a man who appeared to her during the night.

Allen and Lenalee head to the colosseum, where Akuma attack the bounty hunters. Vittorio appears and defeats many of the Akuma. But it is not long before Kanda also appears and starts fighting against Vittorio, only to get hit on his right side.

Allen attacks Vittorio in order to stop him from killing Kanda. Soon, Claudia appears and orders Vittorio to stop fighting him and tells Allen to let her father know she doesn't intend to return home.

Kanda is taken to the nearby house of an old lady, who tells Allen and the others about the story of Princess Sandra and Vittorio, that happened a thousand years ago.

Sandra wanted to marry the strongest man in the world, so every man who wanted to marry her had to defeat Vittorio. However, Vittorio always won, and Sandra eventually fell ill and died.

Yet, Vittorio kept fighting even after that. Kanda wakes up, hoping to complete his mission of defeating Vittorio before the Akuma get the Innocence.

But Allen tells him to stay put and trust him, Lenalee and Vittorio to protect the Innocence. Allen returns to the colosseum where Vittorio still keeps fighting Akuma.

Vittorio challenges him to fight, but Allen tries to convince him that Sandra is dead and that his fight is long over.

However, Vittorio denies this and attacks Allen. When Vittorio is about to finish off Allen, Kanda arrives and stops Vittorio. He is struck again by Vittorio's giant sword, this time on his left shoulder.

Kanda, however, uses this as an opportunity to cut off Vittorio's arm, so that he would let go of his sword which contains the Innocence.

Allen goes to help Kanda as they witness Vittorio dying in Claudia's arms. After being assigned the task of tracking down the missing General Cross, Allen begins to have terrible nightmares of the difficult 'training' he endured under Cross's tutelage.

He also notices that Lenalee has been ignoring him. When the train made a brief stop at a village in Romania, Allen followed Lenalee off the train then apologized for lashing out at her during their fight against Road.

Lenalee tearfully berates Allen for his self-sacrificing tendency, reminding him that he doesn't need to bear the burden of the fight alone anymore, because he now has friends to help him.

Lenalee then stormed away, apparently still miffed but having forgiven Allen. A bewildered Allen then made to rush back on the departing train, but he is suddenly grabbed by a nearby food vendor, who is later revealed to be the village's chief, and dragged away by the villagers then tied up.

Lenalee and Bookman sent Lavi to look for Allen when they realized he is not on the train, but he ends up being captured by the villagers as well.

The villagers then explain to the trussed-up Allen and Lavi that their village's inhabitants are constantly threatened by a vampire by the name of Baron Arystar Krory III.

Krory initially bolted himself up in his castle, which is filled with man-eating monster plants, and the villagers never strayed there for fear of their lives.

Shortly before Krory started attacking the villagers, a traveler who wore an exorcist uniform went to visit Krory and came back unscathed.

He told the village chief to seek the help of those who bear the Rose Cross insignia if there was ever a problem with the Baron.

The traveler's prediction became true when Krory thereafter started his bloody rampage. The traveler is then revealed to be none other than General Cross himself.

Though highly skeptical of the vampire story, as a significant clue to Cross's whereabouts, Allen and Lavi stayed behind to deal with the matter as Lenalee and Bookman go on ahead to wait at the next town.

Lenalee, a believer in vampires, warns the two boys not to be bitten lest they turn into vampires themselves. Allen and Lavi then entered Krory's eerie castle, accompanied by a hoard of villagers with torches and pitchforks, still denying the existence of vampires.

Out of nowhere, Baron Krory rushes towards the villagers with incredible speed, snatching one, Franz, by the neck and began sucking his blood.

Allen and Lavi quickly activated their Innocence and engaged Krory in battle. The fight culminates with Krory biting Allen's transformed left arm before fleeing with Franz's body, bemoaning that Allen's blood is "bitter".

Lavi then teases Allen, joking that Lenalee will never speak to him again now that he's been bitten by a vampire. After the villagers retreated in fear of Allen's transformation, Allen and Lavi enter the castle to rescue Franz.

But instead of running into Krory, they run into Krory's giant man-eating flowers and his attractive assistant Eliade. Upon seeing their uniform, Eliade fed Franz to the flowers which then develop pentacle rashes before exploding violently, blowing Allen and Lavi outside to a small graveyard in the castle grounds, where Eliade usually buried Krory's victims.

Upon closer inspection, they discover that Krory is not killing innocent people but actually Akumas in disguise, leading the pair to suspect that Krory might be an Innocence accommodator.

Meanwhile, Krory visits his late grandfather's portrait and laments his uncontrollable descent into monstrosity. Arystar Krory the First was an eccentric man, and the carnivorous flowers are actually his precious collection.

He prevents Krory the third from leaving the castle, persuading him he is best off looking after his plants for all his life.

Upon his death, he tasked Krory with taking care of the flowers, binding him to the castle forever, and Krory ponders whether his becoming a vampire is his grandfather's punishment for his curiosity to see the outside world, and bemoans that he is now reduced to nothing more than one of his collections, with no prove of his existence upon the world.

Krory was then alerted by Eliade of the flower's destruction, and went to attack Allen and Lavi after reluctantly drinking her blood to gain power.

The two boys were overwhelmed by Krory's inhuman speed and strength and Allen was blown away into the castle, leaving Lavi to fight him alone and persuade him to become their ally.

Allen gets lost in the castle's secret passageways and was attacked by Eliade. Allen refuses to retaliate, telling Eliade that he has no reason to fight her, as they had not come to exterminate Krory but to recruit him as an ally, which Eliade derisively laughs at as she rained blow upon blow onto him.

Allen then felt a strange dizziness and fell unconscious. Eliade prepares to finish him with an axe, but fails when his Innocence arm automatically moves to protect him.

Allen awoke in his subconscious to a faint illusion of Mana, and told him that he had decided to keep walking on the path of an Exorcist, alongside his friends, even without his left eye.

Mana then faded away, telling Allen to "delve deeper into the world of black and white". Allen regains consciousness and realized that his left eye is functional once more.

He discovers Eliade is an Akuma, re-igniting his will to fight. Eliade, who despises her grotesque Akuma form, reluctantly transforms and attacks Allen with full strength.

The brawl sent both of them falling down to the main hall just as Lavi sent Krory smashing in as well.

Lavi reunites with Allen, and both him and Krory are shocked at the eerie sight of a human soul protruding from Eliade's body.

Allen then learns that his curse has evolved and his eye is now able to project the vision to nearby people as well.

Lavi reveals to Krory that Eliade is an Akuma, causing Eliade to transform and attack Krory, as she could not allow him to become an exorcist.

Allen and Lavi made to help Krory out, but Krory's carnivorous flowers erupted from the ground and attacked them, separating them from the pair.

As Lavi is about to be eaten, Allen recalls that the flowers are the same kind as Rozanne , a potted plant that Cross had him take care of with his life back when he was training.

He tells Lavi the flowers will spare those who bear good intentions towards them, and the two proceeded to shower the flowers with confessions of love.

When questioned by Krory as to why she had not killed him long ago, Eliade reveals that she is simply using him to achieve something she had wanted to do.

After berating Krory a coward for using his grandfather's will as an excuse to stay safe from the outside world, Eliade bombarded Krory with a hail of moisture-absorbing bubbles, leaving Krory's dried-up corpse to fall to the ground.

Thinking she had killed him, Eliade converts back to human form and sadly watches his wretched remains. Krory's seemingly lifeless form then sprang up and bit her, sucking her blood to rejuvenate his body.

In her last moments, Eliade confessed that she had simply wanted to experience love with Krory, as he is the only man she could not kill as he bears Innocence , before dissipating into dust.

His words resounded with Allen, who had suffered a similar ordeal, and he reminded Krory that he must live on and keep destroying Akuma, so he will have a reason for destroying Eliade, stating that people can continue living for their 'reason'.

In a reflection of his master, Allen also concludes that Krory, like him, is marked out to live as an apostle of God. Once Krory had calmed down, Allen and Lavi questioned him about Cross, and learned that Cross had visited Krory upon hearing news of his grandfather's death to return Rozanne, which he has been looking after for.

After Cross borrowed a large sum of money and left for the far East, Rozanne bit Krory and then withers as Krory's teeth fell out, to be replaced with fangs.

From that point on, Krory hungers for Akuma blood and starts attacking the villagers. Krory concludes that the plant must have been the 'Innocence' Allen and Lavi explained to him about.

Spurred by Allen's words, Krory decides to become an exorcist and continue destroying Akuma, so Eliade's death would not be in vain. Before his departure, Krory set fire to the castle that had kept him caged for so long, signaling the end of his old life as his grandfather's collection and the beginning of his new life as an exorcist.

Komui directs Allen and Lavi to simply take Krory along with their group instead of bringing him back to the Order, and the three boarded the train to meet up with Lenalee and Bookman.

Allen also tested out the new abilities of his cursed eye; it can now detect any Akuma within a meter radius, even from behind walls, and once concentrated, the eye can reveal the souls of Akuma to other people, and Allen realizes with dismay that his eye is starting to evolve just like an Akuma would.

Krory is deeply depressed about the villagers driving him away, refusing to believe Allen and Lavi's explanation, and went for a tour of the train under Lavi's advice.

Allen and Lavi then went looking for him after he was gone for three hours straight, and found Krory wearing nothing but his underpants, having lost everything he had playing poker against three strangers, who had a boy named Eeez accompanying them.

Realizing the men had scammed Krory, who knows nothing of the outside world from being isolated for so long, Allen challenges them in order to get Krory's stuff back.

The normally unlucky Allen not only manages to get Krory's stuff back but strips the three men down to their underpants as well.

Allen reveals to a bewildered Lavi that he was cheating. In what would be the first glimpse of his alter ego, "Black Allen", he proudly explains with an eerie laugh that in order to pay Cross's unpayable debts, he perfected the art of cheating "with his life on the line" and has never lost at cards since.

When the three men dismounted the train, Allen kindly returns the their clothes and belongings to them. To thank Allen, Eeez made to give the silver button he wears from his neck on a thong to Allen.

The group's leader, a scruffy man in thick glasses, swiftly interrupts Eeez and gives Allen his deck of cards instead. After the train departed and the four prepares to leave for their next job, the bespectacled man receives a phone call and excuses himself, saying he has the usual "secret part-time job".

As the remaining men leaves the station, the silver button that Eeez hangs from his neck flips over as he walks, revealing the name Kevin Yeegar embossed on the back, implying that the bespectacled man is behind his murder.

The bespectacled man then meets up with the Millennium Earl and transforms back into a Noah, Lord Tyki Mikk, then followed him back to their residence.

The following events are Non-Canon and therefore not considered part of the Canon story. Komui sends Allen to deliver a package to General Yeegar, however Allen does not know it is because the general wants to meet him.

When he arrives he is greeted by a finder, who tells him how wonderful a person the general is, which surprises Allen because he thought that all the generals were cruel because of Cross Marian.

When a level 2 Akuma suddenly attacks a village, Allen rushes in to help, and there he meets General Yeegar.

The general later invites him to lunch. After he gives General Yeegar the golem he was tasked to deliver, Allen leaves.

But soon after his departure, Road and Tyki attack the general and destroy all the Innocence he had with him. This was because they are searching for the Heart.

When Allen hears the news of the general being attacked he rushes back to help. However, When they find the general they hear him singing a song with a message in it, telling them that the Earl is searching for the Heart.

Not long after the Cross Unit departed Romania with Krory in tow, the Order received an unprecedented attack from the Earl. Waves of Akuma succeeded in obliterating over a hundred Finders in Barcelona, while members of the Noah family appeared at various locations around the world, picking out and murdering six exorcists from the teams searching for Generals Tiedoll, Cloud and Sokalo.

One exorcist, Suman Dark from Sokalo Unit, also goes missing. The Cross Unit only learned of the massacre when Lenalee talked to Komui on the phone, and, though thoroughly shaken, they continue their journey to find General Cross.

She starts by disguising herself as Lenalee to lure in Krory and kill him but the other exorcists notice he is missing and go after him.

When they meet up with him they find out that there are two Lenalees. When Allen and Krory get separated, Lulu Bell's attacks mostly focus on them. Some time later, the exorcists eventually reunite.

Bookman and the rest of the crew, however, began to worry about Allen as he's been fighting twice as much as all of them combined ever since he got his new eye.

Lenalee also noticed that his left arm is also "flaking" and jittery with fatigue. The team are informed by Anita that Cross left for Japan eight days ago.

But the ship that Cross was on was found in pieces in the middle of the ocean, indicating that he might have been killed.

Allen, who knows Cross best, proclaims that Cross could not possibly die so easily. Seeing his determination, Anita regains hope of Cross's survival and directs her men to prepare a ship for the exorcists to set sail towards Japan.

While sailing, Allen soon discovers a huge wave of Akuma coming towards the ship. The exorcists ready themselves for battle, but they are surprised to see the Akuma simply fly over them without a fight.

Upon noticing Allen, however, an Akuma carried him away by his left arm, prompting Lenalee to chase after him. The two then encounter the Akuma wave's true target; a gigantic white floating torso which expels enormous waves of light energy to destroy everything in its path, with a human half-embedded in its chest cavity.

A traumatized Lenalee recognized the monstrous form as a Fallen One, and the human victim as Suman Dark, a parasitic-type exorcist who had gone missing in action.

She explains to Allen that she had once witnessed now-forbidden experiments in the Order, when the Order attempted to syncronize Innocence with blood relatives of deceased exorcists, believing this would increase the chance of synchronization.

However, the synchronization would fail, and the Innocence will take over the human's body, forcing him to expel enormous power to drain his life energy and kill him, so it can re-synchronize with a new human.

Since Suman is an exorcist fully compatible with his Innocence, Lenalee could not understand how he could Fall. A little girl then emerges from the Fallen's chest cavity and Allen pulls her out, only to be sucked in himself.

As the Akumas continue to bombard Suman with bullets, Lenalee had no choice but to reluctantly leave Allen and take the girl, who is not breathing, to a hospital.

Seeing his friends overpowered and killed off one by one, Suman was overcome by terror and betrayed the Black Order to stay alive in hopes of returning to see his family.

He made a deal with Tyki Mikk and called the Headquarters for locations of all the exorcists searching for the Generals, leading to the massacre in Barcelona and the murder of the exorcists.

Allen learns that after his daughter Jamie fell ill to an incurable disease, Suman reluctantly became an Exorcist to afford for her care.

As per Order policy, this means severing all contact with his family and leaving behind the very daughter he tried to save.

However, by giving up fighting and making a deal with the enemy, Suman betrayed his own Innocence's will, causing his syncronization rate to fall below zero and resulting in him becoming a Fallen One.

With this, he manages to stop Suman's assault. However, his Innocence soon rebounded, leaving Allen screaming in agony as Suman again resumes his course toward the village.

A despairing Allen was spurred back into action by Timcanpy, and he activates his failing Innocence once again to stop Suman.

The two then work together to severe Suman's body from the Innocence in his arm and succeeded, both falling into a thick bamboo forest.

At that moment, Tyki Mikk reveals himself. Suman's body then explodes into a gruesome mass of blood and gore as Tyki calls out his carnivorous butterfly golems, Tease , from inside him.

After agreeing to let him live, Tyki had planted a Tease within Suman's body so it could multiply as it feed on Suman's insides.

Hearing her call, he is determined to reach her. Though despite having survived such a dire predicament, Allen is in no mood to celebrate.

All he can think about is Suman who he failed to save. Bak then tells him that without his Innocence, Allen would no longer have to live the life of an exorcist and no one would blame him if he choose to do so.

Allen, however, refuses to give up his life as an exorcist because of his vows to his friends and to Mana. With a solution in front of them, Allen and For begin to engage in real battle training in an attempt to restore Allen's Innocence.

Allen, however, is still unable to reactivate it even after days of training. As a last resort, Bak decides to use For as bait so that Allen and the rest of the Asian Branch can escape.

Bak, however, refuses to let up since Allen can't fight without his Innocence. He implores Bak to open the door so he can once again be where he belongs—on the battlefield fighting against Akuma.

Before destroying it, Allen learns from the Akuma of the situation in Edo and that Allen will be able to travel there by using Noah's Ark, the same device that let the Akuma into the Asian Branch.

When Allen asks why the Akuma would tell him all this, the Akuma replies that he doesn't know; it simply felt right to tell him everything.

However, Kanda charges toward Allen, thinking he is an Akuma summoned by Tyki, however Allen stops him from attacking at the last second.

Kanda simply gets mad in response and they begin their usual routine of trading insults with each other. Now that Allen has caught up with the others, his emotional reunion with Lenalee is interrupted as Lero teleports Lenalee away.

Allen, Lavi, Krory, Chaozii, and Kanda, are teleported together with her into the Noah's Ark when they try to pull her back.

As they investigate their surroundings, Tyki appears and gives them a key to Road's dimensional door so they can escape the collapsing Ark.

When the group uses the key to open one of the doors in the area, they encounter Skinn Bolic and Kanda forces Allen to lead the others ahead while he stays behind to deal with Skinn.

After opening the next door, Allen finds Jasdevi in their split form. Allen, Lavi and Krory fight against Jasdevi, but the twins reveal Cross left them with a debt of guineas.

The twins want Allen to pay the bill, but Allen maintains what they owe is nothing compared to what he has had to pay on Cross's behalf over the years.

Angered, the twins steal the key and force Allen's team to search for it amongst a room full of duplicate keys, which are actually just an illusion.

Allen gives Lavi time to find the real key as he and Krory fight off Jasdevi. Allen becomes angry as Jasdevi attacks Lenalee and Chaozii , and thanks to Krory's ability to sense Noahs, they are able to restrain the twins until Lavi finds the key.

With this, the twins merge into a single body, after being called kids. Krory forces Allen to lead the others out of the Ark so he may deal with Jasdevi alone.

As Allen helps Lenalee up the stairs, the exorcists discuss what they will do after the battle is over. Allen tells the group he will eat everything that Jeryy can cook and that he will never give up hope.

With this, Allen's team runs into Road and Tyki at the top of the tower and Road surprises all of them by kissing Allen on the lips.

Tyki asks them to sit down for a meal but Allen refuses to eat without time to enjoy it. Tyki then tells them to look outside and they see that everything except for the tower has been destroyed.

He then asks them if they are afraid. Allen and Tyki's battle reaches a point where Allen's new arm breaks. But he reveals to Tyki that it is the Innocence that provides the power but it is the exorcist's heart that makes him deadly and with that his Crown Clown heals itself.

In retaliation, Tyki repels the air to create a vacuum to kill Allen. Allen attempts to break free from the vacuum by synchronizing with his Innocence.

This results in him being able to use Crown Clown's Sword of Exorcism. Allen unsheathes his new Sword of Exorcism and with it, he is able to exorcise the Noah from Tyki.

Road is enraged when Allen exorcises the "Noah" inside of Tyki and gets revenge by using Lavi to attack him.

Lavi is eventually able to overcome Road and manages to defeat her. As they escape, Allen tries to save Lero and Tyki. However, after they realize that Allen's attempt at exorcising the Noah failed, Tyki becomes a fully awakened Noah and turns into a demonic knight that easily overpowers both Allen and Lavi, until General Cross arrives to rescue them.

Since Allen has the powers of the Musician, which allow him to control the Ark, he is able to save his friends.

Moreover, this also allows him to stop the Akuma egg from being downloaded, meaning the Earl will be unable to make more Akuma.

Later, Allen wonders about how the symbols he and Mana created years ago were the song to control the Ark.

He tries to confront his master about it, but he never gets the chance to. After Allen and his friends return to Headquarters, he is put under supervision by Malcolm C.

Lvellie , who wants to put Allen on trial for treason. In order to ensure Allen's loyalties, Lvellie has his subordinate, Howard Link put Allen under hour supervision.

This causes many members of the Order to suspect Allen while close friends, including Komui, Lenalee, Lavi, Bak, Reever, and Johnny, believe that Allen would never betray them.

Allen returns just in time, jumping into the fray to rescue Miranda, who had been on the Egg, as the Generals begin their attack. The Egg is destroyed by the Exorcists' combined efforts when Lulu Bell attempts to take back the Egg again.

The victory is short-lived, however, as a level 4 Akuma appears and easily pummels Allen, going on to lay waste to a portion of headquarters.

When Allen sees the level 4's soul he starts to vomit, believing it to be too grotesque to look at. Allen, along with Lenalee, with her new form of Dark Boots, overpower the Akuma.

Eventually, the generals join in and pour their full power into their attacks, finally defeating the Level 4. After the battle Allen is unable to move, and before he is crushed by falling debris, Howard Link saves him and takes him to the medical ward.

Allen and friends are helping move the science team's storage when a massive storm hits the Black Order's Head Quarters, causing a blackout.

Unknown to them, someone or something has infected Krory with Komuivitan D, a mysterious substance created by Komui to combat overworking the science team.

The Komuivitan was deemed dangerous, as it seems to turn the person who drinks it zombie-like, infecting others with Komuivitan D via biting. Eventually, however, in an effort to try and create a vaccine from the original source of the entire infection, everyone but Johnny, Allen, and Komui is infected by the oncoming horde.

Johnny and Allen are infected as well, but not without finding out that Krory is the source of the infection.

A ghost in the Head Quarters is to blame for giving Krory Komuivitan. Komlin EX is creating a successful vaccine from Krory's blood, but unfortunately, Komlin is destroyed when Krory gets infected by Allen and Lavi after being so overjoyed at seeing them that he doesn't realize that they are affected by Komuivitan D.

Komui is infected as well, but luckily, the next day, Bak comes to visit and cures Head Quarters of the Komuivitan D infection after finding a vaccine.

They move to the new headquarters and Allen is charged with putting ark gates to facilitate the transporting.

After he finishes he is thanked by Lvellie who tells him to follow him. Cross arranges a meeting with Allen and reveals to him that he is to become the 14th Noah.

Allen asks what the relationship was between Mana and the 14th. Cross replies that they were brothers. Cross apparently was looking after Mana for the 14th.

He tells Allen that at the right moment he would someday lose his very soul to the 14th who would be reborn in his body and also that he was doomed to kill the "ningen" or "human s " he loved when that happened.

Allen was probably very worried, but has since recovered a cheerful front and is trying to keep his mind on his duties. His killer is later revealed to be the unnamed Cardinal, who reveals himself to be Apocryphos , which shows a cutscene of his killer holding Judgement to Cross's head before it was fired.

This cutscene was apparently Cross's killer's memories that were accidentally shown to Allen while being attacked.

Cross's guards fell asleep during their watch, which is how they don't realize that an intruder has entered Cross's room until it's too late.

Witnessing Cross's bloodied body, one of the guards run off to get Inspector Lvellie. The other guards bursts into the room, only to find that Cross's body has fallen through the window, leaving his shattered mask behind on the seat.

Cross is never found after this, and during the investigation of his room, Timcanpy seems to sense his master's demise and flies to his room.

It is then that Allen discovers his master's tragic death. A reunion is hold between the exorcists and Allen demands to be killed if he ever becomes the fourteenth.

But he assures his friends that this won't happen. Months later, Allen is sent on a mission with Kanda and Miranda. They go to a cemetery to retrieve an innocence kept by the ghost of chess champion Mister Martin.

Helped by his sister , they all face the former champion at chess but are defeated. Allen is charged with defending the area while Link is playing.

He saves Miranda from a level 3 akuma. Link wins the game and they return to the headquarters with the innocence ring. To pass they have to give a code to Father Frederico.

Allen Wales Video

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Seeing the injuries Allen suffered in his attempt to protect her, Miranda is able to find the strength to activate her Innocence, reverting Allen and Lenalee's injuries back in time.

With their injuries gone, Allen and Lenalee work together to defeat Road and her Akuma. But to Allen's horror, Road forcefully commands one of the Level 2 Akuma to self destruct to prevent Allen from saving its soul.

Horrified, Allen dashes forward in an attempt to save the soul by killing the Akuma before it detonates. Enraged, Allen lashes out at her for stopping him, but in response she slaps him.

Road gets bored and decides to leave by opening up a portal. Just before she can, Allen points his gun at her. Knowing that Allen won't harm her, Road simply mocks Allen for being too nice before continuing into her portal.

In the end, is unable to kill Road and is left to feel the anguish on his own. With the battle over, Allen and Lenalee turn to Miranda who is still using her powers.

They both of the notice right away that Miranda is straining herself to maintain the power. They ask her to deactivate her Innocence but she refuses.

She tells them that if she does, all their injuries will return and she does not want to see them in pain after everything they've done for her.

Miranda quickly contacts the doctor in town to care for them. While recovering after the events of the rewinding town, Allen meets Lavi and Bookman who are also fellow exorcists.

Bookman, a master of acupuncture, examines Allen's cursed eye, which had been stabbed by Road. To Bookman's surprise, the eye seems to be healing on its own but not quite enough for Allen to use it.

After discussing a little bit about the Noah family with Komui, Lavi and Allen decide to go outside. When Lavi brings up the subject of the Noah family again, Allen conveys that he became an exorcist to destroy Akuma and not to kill humans.

With his resolve of being an exorcist beginning to waver, Allen decides to walk downtown on his own. But while in town, Allen can't help but be suspicious of everyone around him since he is no longer able to use his cursed eye.

Suddenly, an Akuma emerges from the crowd and attacks him, but he is saved just in time by Lavi. Lavi then reminds Allen of the reason they wear their exorcist coats.

Unlike Allen, Lavi and the rest of the exorcists do not have the ability to tell Akuma apart from humans.

The only means they have of fighting the Akuma is to draw them out by wearing the Vatican uniform. Contemplating how hard it must be to live life suspecting everyone, and realizing that every exorcist but him has to live that life, Allen regains his resolve of being an exorcist and reminds himself of his promise to Mana - that he will continue to walk his path no matter how hard it is.

The general was found in Belgium nailed to a cross backward, with the words "God Hunt" carved into his back. Before dying, General Yeegar sang a same song over and over again: This time it wasn't me.

Who will it be next? Thus, if it is destroyed, all the Innocence will also be destroyed and humanity will lose all hope of defeating the Earl.

Komui and Bookman conclude that the Millennium might be attacking the Generals first in the belief that the Heart's immense power would result in a powerful exorcist.

As the Generals are usually travelling the world in search of new Exorcists, all unranked exorcists are divided into search parties and assigned the mission to find and safely escort them back to the Headquarters.

When a village begins experiencing abnormal, extreme weather conditions, the Order suspects that Innocence might be the cause. Allen, Kanda, and Lavi are assigned to find and retrieve it.

On their way there, they find an old man and young girl unconscious in a snowstorm and save them by taking them to a cabin. Kanda decides to continue on by himself, leaving Lavi and Allen behind.

The next day, Allen and Lavi leave and search again for the piece of Innocence. They learn that the man Frey, and his daughter Elda, who had followed the exorcists, are travelling to obtain the "Leaf of Revival" and use it to bring back Frey's deceased son, as it is rumored that the leaves of the tree can bring a person back from the dead.

At the same time, Skinn Bolic and Lero, along with three Akuma, decide to look for the Innocence fragment as well. The two exorcists begin to engage in a battle with the Akuma, with the Noah just watching from the sidelines.

Kanda arrives just in time to help finish off the Akuma, however, Allen collapses due to his injuries. Later, after Kanda and Lavi retrieve the Innocence from the Leaf of Revival, they are attacked by level 2 Akuma, however Allen arrives just in time to help.

Working together, the three exorcists defeat the Akuma. Before departing, Allen warns Elda about the Millennium Earl, though Frey tells him he does not need to worry.

Together with Lenalee, Allen is sent to look for Kanda, who was sent on a mission to retrieve Innocence but has not contacted headquarters for a week.

Before getting inside the train, Lenalee argues with Allen, telling him that she hates his cursed eye.

As they arrive at their destination, they notice the town is filled with bounty hunters as Claudia, daughter of Mister Sardini, a local rich man, has been kidnapped by a man named Vittorio.

After sneaking into Sardini's house, Allen has a conversation with Sardini, who reveals Claudia is engaged to Viscount Paletti.

He also reveals that Claudia told him about a man who appeared to her during the night. Allen and Lenalee head to the colosseum, where Akuma attack the bounty hunters.

Vittorio appears and defeats many of the Akuma. But it is not long before Kanda also appears and starts fighting against Vittorio, only to get hit on his right side.

Allen attacks Vittorio in order to stop him from killing Kanda. Soon, Claudia appears and orders Vittorio to stop fighting him and tells Allen to let her father know she doesn't intend to return home.

Kanda is taken to the nearby house of an old lady, who tells Allen and the others about the story of Princess Sandra and Vittorio, that happened a thousand years ago.

Sandra wanted to marry the strongest man in the world, so every man who wanted to marry her had to defeat Vittorio.

However, Vittorio always won, and Sandra eventually fell ill and died. Yet, Vittorio kept fighting even after that. Kanda wakes up, hoping to complete his mission of defeating Vittorio before the Akuma get the Innocence.

But Allen tells him to stay put and trust him, Lenalee and Vittorio to protect the Innocence. Allen returns to the colosseum where Vittorio still keeps fighting Akuma.

Vittorio challenges him to fight, but Allen tries to convince him that Sandra is dead and that his fight is long over.

However, Vittorio denies this and attacks Allen. When Vittorio is about to finish off Allen, Kanda arrives and stops Vittorio. He is struck again by Vittorio's giant sword, this time on his left shoulder.

Kanda, however, uses this as an opportunity to cut off Vittorio's arm, so that he would let go of his sword which contains the Innocence.

Allen goes to help Kanda as they witness Vittorio dying in Claudia's arms. After being assigned the task of tracking down the missing General Cross, Allen begins to have terrible nightmares of the difficult 'training' he endured under Cross's tutelage.

He also notices that Lenalee has been ignoring him. When the train made a brief stop at a village in Romania, Allen followed Lenalee off the train then apologized for lashing out at her during their fight against Road.

Lenalee tearfully berates Allen for his self-sacrificing tendency, reminding him that he doesn't need to bear the burden of the fight alone anymore, because he now has friends to help him.

Lenalee then stormed away, apparently still miffed but having forgiven Allen. A bewildered Allen then made to rush back on the departing train, but he is suddenly grabbed by a nearby food vendor, who is later revealed to be the village's chief, and dragged away by the villagers then tied up.

Lenalee and Bookman sent Lavi to look for Allen when they realized he is not on the train, but he ends up being captured by the villagers as well.

The villagers then explain to the trussed-up Allen and Lavi that their village's inhabitants are constantly threatened by a vampire by the name of Baron Arystar Krory III.

Krory initially bolted himself up in his castle, which is filled with man-eating monster plants, and the villagers never strayed there for fear of their lives.

Shortly before Krory started attacking the villagers, a traveler who wore an exorcist uniform went to visit Krory and came back unscathed.

He told the village chief to seek the help of those who bear the Rose Cross insignia if there was ever a problem with the Baron. The traveler's prediction became true when Krory thereafter started his bloody rampage.

The traveler is then revealed to be none other than General Cross himself. Though highly skeptical of the vampire story, as a significant clue to Cross's whereabouts, Allen and Lavi stayed behind to deal with the matter as Lenalee and Bookman go on ahead to wait at the next town.

Lenalee, a believer in vampires, warns the two boys not to be bitten lest they turn into vampires themselves. Allen and Lavi then entered Krory's eerie castle, accompanied by a hoard of villagers with torches and pitchforks, still denying the existence of vampires.

Out of nowhere, Baron Krory rushes towards the villagers with incredible speed, snatching one, Franz, by the neck and began sucking his blood.

Allen and Lavi quickly activated their Innocence and engaged Krory in battle. The fight culminates with Krory biting Allen's transformed left arm before fleeing with Franz's body, bemoaning that Allen's blood is "bitter".

Lavi then teases Allen, joking that Lenalee will never speak to him again now that he's been bitten by a vampire. After the villagers retreated in fear of Allen's transformation, Allen and Lavi enter the castle to rescue Franz.

But instead of running into Krory, they run into Krory's giant man-eating flowers and his attractive assistant Eliade. Upon seeing their uniform, Eliade fed Franz to the flowers which then develop pentacle rashes before exploding violently, blowing Allen and Lavi outside to a small graveyard in the castle grounds, where Eliade usually buried Krory's victims.

Upon closer inspection, they discover that Krory is not killing innocent people but actually Akumas in disguise, leading the pair to suspect that Krory might be an Innocence accommodator.

Meanwhile, Krory visits his late grandfather's portrait and laments his uncontrollable descent into monstrosity. Arystar Krory the First was an eccentric man, and the carnivorous flowers are actually his precious collection.

He prevents Krory the third from leaving the castle, persuading him he is best off looking after his plants for all his life. Upon his death, he tasked Krory with taking care of the flowers, binding him to the castle forever, and Krory ponders whether his becoming a vampire is his grandfather's punishment for his curiosity to see the outside world, and bemoans that he is now reduced to nothing more than one of his collections, with no prove of his existence upon the world.

Krory was then alerted by Eliade of the flower's destruction, and went to attack Allen and Lavi after reluctantly drinking her blood to gain power.

The two boys were overwhelmed by Krory's inhuman speed and strength and Allen was blown away into the castle, leaving Lavi to fight him alone and persuade him to become their ally.

Allen gets lost in the castle's secret passageways and was attacked by Eliade. Allen refuses to retaliate, telling Eliade that he has no reason to fight her, as they had not come to exterminate Krory but to recruit him as an ally, which Eliade derisively laughs at as she rained blow upon blow onto him.

Allen then felt a strange dizziness and fell unconscious. Eliade prepares to finish him with an axe, but fails when his Innocence arm automatically moves to protect him.

Allen awoke in his subconscious to a faint illusion of Mana, and told him that he had decided to keep walking on the path of an Exorcist, alongside his friends, even without his left eye.

Mana then faded away, telling Allen to "delve deeper into the world of black and white". Allen regains consciousness and realized that his left eye is functional once more.

He discovers Eliade is an Akuma, re-igniting his will to fight. Eliade, who despises her grotesque Akuma form, reluctantly transforms and attacks Allen with full strength.

The brawl sent both of them falling down to the main hall just as Lavi sent Krory smashing in as well. Lavi reunites with Allen, and both him and Krory are shocked at the eerie sight of a human soul protruding from Eliade's body.

Allen then learns that his curse has evolved and his eye is now able to project the vision to nearby people as well.

Lavi reveals to Krory that Eliade is an Akuma, causing Eliade to transform and attack Krory, as she could not allow him to become an exorcist.

Allen and Lavi made to help Krory out, but Krory's carnivorous flowers erupted from the ground and attacked them, separating them from the pair. As Lavi is about to be eaten, Allen recalls that the flowers are the same kind as Rozanne , a potted plant that Cross had him take care of with his life back when he was training.

He tells Lavi the flowers will spare those who bear good intentions towards them, and the two proceeded to shower the flowers with confessions of love.

When questioned by Krory as to why she had not killed him long ago, Eliade reveals that she is simply using him to achieve something she had wanted to do.

After berating Krory a coward for using his grandfather's will as an excuse to stay safe from the outside world, Eliade bombarded Krory with a hail of moisture-absorbing bubbles, leaving Krory's dried-up corpse to fall to the ground.

Thinking she had killed him, Eliade converts back to human form and sadly watches his wretched remains. Krory's seemingly lifeless form then sprang up and bit her, sucking her blood to rejuvenate his body.

In her last moments, Eliade confessed that she had simply wanted to experience love with Krory, as he is the only man she could not kill as he bears Innocence , before dissipating into dust.

His words resounded with Allen, who had suffered a similar ordeal, and he reminded Krory that he must live on and keep destroying Akuma, so he will have a reason for destroying Eliade, stating that people can continue living for their 'reason'.

In a reflection of his master, Allen also concludes that Krory, like him, is marked out to live as an apostle of God. Once Krory had calmed down, Allen and Lavi questioned him about Cross, and learned that Cross had visited Krory upon hearing news of his grandfather's death to return Rozanne, which he has been looking after for.

After Cross borrowed a large sum of money and left for the far East, Rozanne bit Krory and then withers as Krory's teeth fell out, to be replaced with fangs.

From that point on, Krory hungers for Akuma blood and starts attacking the villagers. Krory concludes that the plant must have been the 'Innocence' Allen and Lavi explained to him about.

Spurred by Allen's words, Krory decides to become an exorcist and continue destroying Akuma, so Eliade's death would not be in vain.

Before his departure, Krory set fire to the castle that had kept him caged for so long, signaling the end of his old life as his grandfather's collection and the beginning of his new life as an exorcist.

Komui directs Allen and Lavi to simply take Krory along with their group instead of bringing him back to the Order, and the three boarded the train to meet up with Lenalee and Bookman.

Allen also tested out the new abilities of his cursed eye; it can now detect any Akuma within a meter radius, even from behind walls, and once concentrated, the eye can reveal the souls of Akuma to other people, and Allen realizes with dismay that his eye is starting to evolve just like an Akuma would.

Krory is deeply depressed about the villagers driving him away, refusing to believe Allen and Lavi's explanation, and went for a tour of the train under Lavi's advice.

Allen and Lavi then went looking for him after he was gone for three hours straight, and found Krory wearing nothing but his underpants, having lost everything he had playing poker against three strangers, who had a boy named Eeez accompanying them.

Realizing the men had scammed Krory, who knows nothing of the outside world from being isolated for so long, Allen challenges them in order to get Krory's stuff back.

The normally unlucky Allen not only manages to get Krory's stuff back but strips the three men down to their underpants as well.

Allen reveals to a bewildered Lavi that he was cheating. In what would be the first glimpse of his alter ego, "Black Allen", he proudly explains with an eerie laugh that in order to pay Cross's unpayable debts, he perfected the art of cheating "with his life on the line" and has never lost at cards since.

When the three men dismounted the train, Allen kindly returns the their clothes and belongings to them. To thank Allen, Eeez made to give the silver button he wears from his neck on a thong to Allen.

The group's leader, a scruffy man in thick glasses, swiftly interrupts Eeez and gives Allen his deck of cards instead. After the train departed and the four prepares to leave for their next job, the bespectacled man receives a phone call and excuses himself, saying he has the usual "secret part-time job".

As the remaining men leaves the station, the silver button that Eeez hangs from his neck flips over as he walks, revealing the name Kevin Yeegar embossed on the back, implying that the bespectacled man is behind his murder.

The bespectacled man then meets up with the Millennium Earl and transforms back into a Noah, Lord Tyki Mikk, then followed him back to their residence.

The following events are Non-Canon and therefore not considered part of the Canon story. Komui sends Allen to deliver a package to General Yeegar, however Allen does not know it is because the general wants to meet him.

When he arrives he is greeted by a finder, who tells him how wonderful a person the general is, which surprises Allen because he thought that all the generals were cruel because of Cross Marian.

When a level 2 Akuma suddenly attacks a village, Allen rushes in to help, and there he meets General Yeegar. The general later invites him to lunch.

After he gives General Yeegar the golem he was tasked to deliver, Allen leaves. But soon after his departure, Road and Tyki attack the general and destroy all the Innocence he had with him.

This was because they are searching for the Heart. When Allen hears the news of the general being attacked he rushes back to help. However, When they find the general they hear him singing a song with a message in it, telling them that the Earl is searching for the Heart.

Not long after the Cross Unit departed Romania with Krory in tow, the Order received an unprecedented attack from the Earl.

Waves of Akuma succeeded in obliterating over a hundred Finders in Barcelona, while members of the Noah family appeared at various locations around the world, picking out and murdering six exorcists from the teams searching for Generals Tiedoll, Cloud and Sokalo.

One exorcist, Suman Dark from Sokalo Unit, also goes missing. The Cross Unit only learned of the massacre when Lenalee talked to Komui on the phone, and, though thoroughly shaken, they continue their journey to find General Cross.

She starts by disguising herself as Lenalee to lure in Krory and kill him but the other exorcists notice he is missing and go after him.

When they meet up with him they find out that there are two Lenalees. When Allen and Krory get separated, Lulu Bell's attacks mostly focus on them.

Some time later, the exorcists eventually reunite. Bookman and the rest of the crew, however, began to worry about Allen as he's been fighting twice as much as all of them combined ever since he got his new eye.

Lenalee also noticed that his left arm is also "flaking" and jittery with fatigue. The team are informed by Anita that Cross left for Japan eight days ago.

But the ship that Cross was on was found in pieces in the middle of the ocean, indicating that he might have been killed.

Allen, who knows Cross best, proclaims that Cross could not possibly die so easily. Seeing his determination, Anita regains hope of Cross's survival and directs her men to prepare a ship for the exorcists to set sail towards Japan.

While sailing, Allen soon discovers a huge wave of Akuma coming towards the ship. The exorcists ready themselves for battle, but they are surprised to see the Akuma simply fly over them without a fight.

Upon noticing Allen, however, an Akuma carried him away by his left arm, prompting Lenalee to chase after him. The two then encounter the Akuma wave's true target; a gigantic white floating torso which expels enormous waves of light energy to destroy everything in its path, with a human half-embedded in its chest cavity.

A traumatized Lenalee recognized the monstrous form as a Fallen One, and the human victim as Suman Dark, a parasitic-type exorcist who had gone missing in action.

She explains to Allen that she had once witnessed now-forbidden experiments in the Order, when the Order attempted to syncronize Innocence with blood relatives of deceased exorcists, believing this would increase the chance of synchronization.

However, the synchronization would fail, and the Innocence will take over the human's body, forcing him to expel enormous power to drain his life energy and kill him, so it can re-synchronize with a new human.

Since Suman is an exorcist fully compatible with his Innocence, Lenalee could not understand how he could Fall. A little girl then emerges from the Fallen's chest cavity and Allen pulls her out, only to be sucked in himself.

As the Akumas continue to bombard Suman with bullets, Lenalee had no choice but to reluctantly leave Allen and take the girl, who is not breathing, to a hospital.

Seeing his friends overpowered and killed off one by one, Suman was overcome by terror and betrayed the Black Order to stay alive in hopes of returning to see his family.

He made a deal with Tyki Mikk and called the Headquarters for locations of all the exorcists searching for the Generals, leading to the massacre in Barcelona and the murder of the exorcists.

Allen learns that after his daughter Jamie fell ill to an incurable disease, Suman reluctantly became an Exorcist to afford for her care.

As per Order policy, this means severing all contact with his family and leaving behind the very daughter he tried to save. However, by giving up fighting and making a deal with the enemy, Suman betrayed his own Innocence's will, causing his syncronization rate to fall below zero and resulting in him becoming a Fallen One.

With this, he manages to stop Suman's assault. However, his Innocence soon rebounded, leaving Allen screaming in agony as Suman again resumes his course toward the village.

A despairing Allen was spurred back into action by Timcanpy, and he activates his failing Innocence once again to stop Suman. The two then work together to severe Suman's body from the Innocence in his arm and succeeded, both falling into a thick bamboo forest.

At that moment, Tyki Mikk reveals himself. Suman's body then explodes into a gruesome mass of blood and gore as Tyki calls out his carnivorous butterfly golems, Tease , from inside him.

After agreeing to let him live, Tyki had planted a Tease within Suman's body so it could multiply as it feed on Suman's insides.

Hearing her call, he is determined to reach her. Though despite having survived such a dire predicament, Allen is in no mood to celebrate.

All he can think about is Suman who he failed to save. Bak then tells him that without his Innocence, Allen would no longer have to live the life of an exorcist and no one would blame him if he choose to do so.

Allen, however, refuses to give up his life as an exorcist because of his vows to his friends and to Mana. With a solution in front of them, Allen and For begin to engage in real battle training in an attempt to restore Allen's Innocence.

Allen, however, is still unable to reactivate it even after days of training. As a last resort, Bak decides to use For as bait so that Allen and the rest of the Asian Branch can escape.

Bak, however, refuses to let up since Allen can't fight without his Innocence. He implores Bak to open the door so he can once again be where he belongs—on the battlefield fighting against Akuma.

Before destroying it, Allen learns from the Akuma of the situation in Edo and that Allen will be able to travel there by using Noah's Ark, the same device that let the Akuma into the Asian Branch.

When Allen asks why the Akuma would tell him all this, the Akuma replies that he doesn't know; it simply felt right to tell him everything.

However, Kanda charges toward Allen, thinking he is an Akuma summoned by Tyki, however Allen stops him from attacking at the last second. Kanda simply gets mad in response and they begin their usual routine of trading insults with each other.

Now that Allen has caught up with the others, his emotional reunion with Lenalee is interrupted as Lero teleports Lenalee away. Allen, Lavi, Krory, Chaozii, and Kanda, are teleported together with her into the Noah's Ark when they try to pull her back.

As they investigate their surroundings, Tyki appears and gives them a key to Road's dimensional door so they can escape the collapsing Ark.

When the group uses the key to open one of the doors in the area, they encounter Skinn Bolic and Kanda forces Allen to lead the others ahead while he stays behind to deal with Skinn.

After opening the next door, Allen finds Jasdevi in their split form. Allen, Lavi and Krory fight against Jasdevi, but the twins reveal Cross left them with a debt of guineas.

The twins want Allen to pay the bill, but Allen maintains what they owe is nothing compared to what he has had to pay on Cross's behalf over the years.

Angered, the twins steal the key and force Allen's team to search for it amongst a room full of duplicate keys, which are actually just an illusion.

Allen gives Lavi time to find the real key as he and Krory fight off Jasdevi. Allen becomes angry as Jasdevi attacks Lenalee and Chaozii , and thanks to Krory's ability to sense Noahs, they are able to restrain the twins until Lavi finds the key.

With this, the twins merge into a single body, after being called kids. Krory forces Allen to lead the others out of the Ark so he may deal with Jasdevi alone.

As Allen helps Lenalee up the stairs, the exorcists discuss what they will do after the battle is over. Allen tells the group he will eat everything that Jeryy can cook and that he will never give up hope.

With this, Allen's team runs into Road and Tyki at the top of the tower and Road surprises all of them by kissing Allen on the lips.

Tyki asks them to sit down for a meal but Allen refuses to eat without time to enjoy it. Tyki then tells them to look outside and they see that everything except for the tower has been destroyed.

He then asks them if they are afraid. Allen and Tyki's battle reaches a point where Allen's new arm breaks. But he reveals to Tyki that it is the Innocence that provides the power but it is the exorcist's heart that makes him deadly and with that his Crown Clown heals itself.

In retaliation, Tyki repels the air to create a vacuum to kill Allen. Allen attempts to break free from the vacuum by synchronizing with his Innocence.

This results in him being able to use Crown Clown's Sword of Exorcism. Allen unsheathes his new Sword of Exorcism and with it, he is able to exorcise the Noah from Tyki.

Road is enraged when Allen exorcises the "Noah" inside of Tyki and gets revenge by using Lavi to attack him. Lavi is eventually able to overcome Road and manages to defeat her.

As they escape, Allen tries to save Lero and Tyki. However, after they realize that Allen's attempt at exorcising the Noah failed, Tyki becomes a fully awakened Noah and turns into a demonic knight that easily overpowers both Allen and Lavi, until General Cross arrives to rescue them.

Since Allen has the powers of the Musician, which allow him to control the Ark, he is able to save his friends. Moreover, this also allows him to stop the Akuma egg from being downloaded, meaning the Earl will be unable to make more Akuma.

Later, Allen wonders about how the symbols he and Mana created years ago were the song to control the Ark. He tries to confront his master about it, but he never gets the chance to.

After Allen and his friends return to Headquarters, he is put under supervision by Malcolm C. Lvellie , who wants to put Allen on trial for treason. In order to ensure Allen's loyalties, Lvellie has his subordinate, Howard Link put Allen under hour supervision.

This causes many members of the Order to suspect Allen while close friends, including Komui, Lenalee, Lavi, Bak, Reever, and Johnny, believe that Allen would never betray them.

Allen returns just in time, jumping into the fray to rescue Miranda, who had been on the Egg, as the Generals begin their attack.

The Egg is destroyed by the Exorcists' combined efforts when Lulu Bell attempts to take back the Egg again. The victory is short-lived, however, as a level 4 Akuma appears and easily pummels Allen, going on to lay waste to a portion of headquarters.

When Allen sees the level 4's soul he starts to vomit, believing it to be too grotesque to look at. Allen, along with Lenalee, with her new form of Dark Boots, overpower the Akuma.

Eventually, the generals join in and pour their full power into their attacks, finally defeating the Level 4. After the battle Allen is unable to move, and before he is crushed by falling debris, Howard Link saves him and takes him to the medical ward.

Allen and friends are helping move the science team's storage when a massive storm hits the Black Order's Head Quarters, causing a blackout.

Unknown to them, someone or something has infected Krory with Komuivitan D, a mysterious substance created by Komui to combat overworking the science team.

The Komuivitan was deemed dangerous, as it seems to turn the person who drinks it zombie-like, infecting others with Komuivitan D via biting. Eventually, however, in an effort to try and create a vaccine from the original source of the entire infection, everyone but Johnny, Allen, and Komui is infected by the oncoming horde.

Johnny and Allen are infected as well, but not without finding out that Krory is the source of the infection. A ghost in the Head Quarters is to blame for giving Krory Komuivitan.

Komlin EX is creating a successful vaccine from Krory's blood, but unfortunately, Komlin is destroyed when Krory gets infected by Allen and Lavi after being so overjoyed at seeing them that he doesn't realize that they are affected by Komuivitan D.

Komui is infected as well, but luckily, the next day, Bak comes to visit and cures Head Quarters of the Komuivitan D infection after finding a vaccine.

They move to the new headquarters and Allen is charged with putting ark gates to facilitate the transporting. After he finishes he is thanked by Lvellie who tells him to follow him.

Cross arranges a meeting with Allen and reveals to him that he is to become the 14th Noah. Allen asks what the relationship was between Mana and the 14th.

Cross replies that they were brothers. Cross apparently was looking after Mana for the 14th. He tells Allen that at the right moment he would someday lose his very soul to the 14th who would be reborn in his body and also that he was doomed to kill the "ningen" or "human s " he loved when that happened.

Allen was probably very worried, but has since recovered a cheerful front and is trying to keep his mind on his duties. His killer is later revealed to be the unnamed Cardinal, who reveals himself to be Apocryphos , which shows a cutscene of his killer holding Judgement to Cross's head before it was fired.

This cutscene was apparently Cross's killer's memories that were accidentally shown to Allen while being attacked. Cross's guards fell asleep during their watch, which is how they don't realize that an intruder has entered Cross's room until it's too late.

Witnessing Cross's bloodied body, one of the guards run off to get Inspector Lvellie. The other guards bursts into the room, only to find that Cross's body has fallen through the window, leaving his shattered mask behind on the seat.

Cross is never found after this, and during the investigation of his room, Timcanpy seems to sense his master's demise and flies to his room.

It is then that Allen discovers his master's tragic death. A reunion is hold between the exorcists and Allen demands to be killed if he ever becomes the fourteenth.

But he assures his friends that this won't happen. Months later, Allen is sent on a mission with Kanda and Miranda.

They go to a cemetery to retrieve an innocence kept by the ghost of chess champion Mister Martin.

Helped by his sister , they all face the former champion at chess but are defeated. Allen is charged with defending the area while Link is playing.

He saves Miranda from a level 3 akuma. Link wins the game and they return to the headquarters with the innocence ring. To pass they have to give a code to Father Frederico.

Later, Timcanpy returns to the room where Cross has disappeared. Allen follows him and finds Lvellie sipping tea. Lvellie proposes him some cake but Allen ignores him and tells Tim that they're leaving.

Lvellie asks Allen if he is the one who killed Cross. Upset, Allen replies that it may be Lvellie who did it and slams the door.

He is sent on a mission with Kanda and Marie to investigate a strange rash of theft. They first visit the captured victims in the jail and leave to capture G.

Later that night, G steals the crown and Kanda intercepts G but is revealed to be another victim. As G escapes, Allen ambushes him and reveals that it was part of their plan.

However while Allen was distracted, G possesses Link. Link proves himself formidable to match Kanda. Allen stabs Link with his Sword of Exorcism and G is in shock.

G begins to cry in a very unique way that Marie used to find the source. Marie has lead his team to a boy named Timothy whose Innocence can allow him to control other people's bodies.

The building is suddenly dark and Allen realizes that his eye isn't reacting at all to the Akuma even though it is in front of him.

The Level 4 tells him that he shouldn't underestimate the Earl and that they have finally caught up with him.

Allen also attempts to summon the Ark but this too is disabled inside the barrier. He then engages in battle with a second Level 4 Akuma and three other Akuma who are attempting to take the boy.

Although Kanda manages to injure the Level 4, Allen loses his sword when the Akuma grabs and throws it away. After running from the attacks, he calls Crown Clown back to him, making it fly straight through the Akuma and through himself, pinning them to the wall.

As the Akuma comments on him skewering himself and Allen explains the effect of the Sword of Exorcism, but is suddenly wracked with pain as the Sword seems to be affecting himself as well.

As the Akuma prepares to fire on him, the 14th Noah inside him surfaces. He touches the Akuma's cheek, causing it to stop, saying only "Good Morning".

Sensing the 14th inside of Allen, the Level 4 starts to cry, and it is skewered by Kanda just as it was able to pronounce "Noah Kanda then provokes Allen by calling him "Idiot Bean Sprout".

Allen's conscience immediately surfaces and they slice the Level 4 to pieces. Upon his return to Headquarters, Allen has a dream in which he is impaled on the Sword of Exorcism and a voice tells him he is not without sin and that it is he who is in need of salvation.

Mana appears in the dream and invites Allen to come with him - though he never calls Allen by name. Allen asks Mana to call him by his name and then wakes up.

His hair turns wavy, with slitted, hostile eyes. This startles Lenalee, who had fallen asleep on the bed next to that of Allen's. Allen seemed not himself -highly likely he was under the 14th control- until Lenalee calls his name.

Before the two could start a conversation though, they are interrupted by Link who has been unable to perform his duties because of Lenalee's "immodest state".

Allen tries to lock him out for a moment, while Lenalee asks him whether or not he is feeling alright. Link threatens to tell Komui that Allen is alone in a sealed room with Lenalee.

Allen immediately relents and opens the door. Later, Lenalee is shown thinking that Allen looked like a different person when he woke up.

There, Allen sees what happens to Akuma souls when Third Exorcists absorb them, and his eye bleeds from it.

After that, Tyki appears with some other Noah and began to attack, while taking shelter in a cave, Allen learns the fate of any Third Exorcist but Tyki reappears to battle them.

Allen manages to defeat all the Akuma and disappears and reappears to where the Noahs are keeping the Order hostage.

Allen comes from an ark gate beneath a black coffin ready to attack the Noahs but the Earl is waiting for him.

As they meet, Allen and Tyki both manage to land on the Earl without seeing him. The Earl grabs Allen and tells him that he'll never go back to the Order, as he'll be leaving it by choice soon.

The 14th, however, appears, and makes a death threat, saying that he'll take over the Earl's place. During this, Allen goes through great pain, as if he were about to transform into the Noah.

And I'd die before becoming anything else. Wisely then hints at Alma's existence to Allen, and after Alma is brought out, he draws Allen and Road into Kanda's memories.

He sees the younger Alma, who says "Raise your hand if you understand me. He realizes that Alma doesn't appear to notice him, and sees a hand rising from a circle of water.

That hand then turns out to belong to a naked boy that gets pulled out by Alma. As he's finally pulled out Allen realizes that the child is Kanda.

The Second Exorcists seem to be killed exorcists whose brains were transferred to artificial bodies. The scientists tried to transfer Innocence to those artificial bodies.

Allen witnesses those painful memories and is almost consumed by Kanda's emotions, until Road explains to him that he's seeing Kanda's memories.

In these memories Allen learns of the relationship between Alma and Kanda who were both part of the painful and cruel experiments of the Asian Branch, always fighting and after that always regenerating and healing their wounds due to their modified bodies.

Allen also witnesses Alma eavesdropping on the scientists who intended to kill Kanda, because he seemed to have dreams of his real memories as an exorcist, and then tried to save his only friend and almost got killed by the CROW in the process.

In the end Kanda thinks Alma is dead and survived himself. After watching Kanda strike Alma down and having endured Kanda's memories long enough, Allen blows his top and punches Kanda in the forehead with his Crown Clown for allowing Wisely to "spy on his memories" for so long and forgetting his quick temper.

Road notes that it's cruel of Allen to strike someone in the head with Innocence but he's also too late. Johnny and Bak begin to call to Allen telling him to stop Alma Karma before he wakes up and turns into an Akuma.

Allen stares shocked at the demonic cocoon containing Alma but before he can react, the Earl tells Alma to "kill them" and Alma's awakening causes a huge explosion that blows up the entire North American Branch.

Allen survives, noticing Kanda is confronting Alma, but is shocked that Tokusa used his seals to protect him from most of the blast, despite his injuries.

Allen begins to feel guilty that he couldn't save anyone at the time, a thought to which Tokusa knees him on the head, saying that being an Exorcist does not mean he can save everyone.

Allen is then relieved that everyone is probably safe when Johnny contacts him. As Alma begins to turn into an Akuma, Allen witnesses Tokusa mutating.

Allen attempts to help Tokusa, but is blown away into a wall. Allen begs for the Innocence stop threatening to kill himself with it if the Innocence didn't obey him, but Tokusa approaches Allen.

Tokusa then sneaks up behind him and attacks him, while claiming that he is not an enemy of Exorcists to stop himself, but is struggling.

Then the Millennium Earl requests Allen to come along with the Noah Family as the Fourteenth if he wants the Earl to "put an end to this little show".

Allen watches as Tokusa and Alma terrorize all of his comrades present. He tries to call to Tokusa, who no longer recognizes him as he's consumed by Alma's hatred.

Tokusa then proceeds to break his leg. When she sees him looking conflicted, she asks him is he really thinking about taking the Earl's offer.

He replies he understands Alma's hate from the memories shown to him by Wisely but doesn't see a way to save him. They're then attacked by Tyki who injures Fo.

He then extends his hand to Allen, telling him not to irritate the Earl any further. Tyki casually blasts her but Allen saves her with his Sword of Exorcism, asking whether she thinks he can save him.

Allen goes off to deal with Alma but his leg hinders him so Professor Zu heals him with his magical golem "Atuda" using his own life force.

Allen then stops Kanda from attacking Alma with his "Fifth Illusion. Later Allen starts mocking Kanda because of his appearance, more later asking Kanda why he stabbed Alma.

It is later said that his hair has turned light purple because he sublimated his soul too much to the "Fifth Illusions Form".

Alma is later shown attacking Kanda with a strong attack but Allen blocks the attack with his Innocence, telling Alma "You should have seen, just like the Noah showed me The reason why Kanda chose to live nine years ago..

You still won't forgive him?! It is shown that the Akuma Alma's regenerating ability has reached its limit, Allen is holding Alma from falling but when Kanda attacks Allen moves Alma out of the way not giving Alma to Kanda who wants to kill him.

Kanda is later telling Allen that it's his fault Alma is an Akuma, also telling him "The one who destroyed this branch and made the Third Exorcists into monsters is all your fault, the fault of the man who belongs to the Order even though he's a Noah!

While Kanda screams "It's all your fault, you fucking Noah! Kanda finally regains himself with Allen asking Kanda "Look carefully at Alma's face.

Why is he making that kind of face? Allen then pushes away from Kanda and falls to the ground showing that his whole body looks like a Noah's, Kanda calls him Bean Sprout as he falls down.

Reever from the Black Order than says "His body looks like a Noah's After Kanda wounded Allen with his Innocence, The 14th started to awaken.

Inside Allen's mind he is chained to a structure and confronted with the 14th. The 14th says that the Earl is going mad and that the Earl and Allen are both puppets.

Allen mistakes the 14th for Tyki and then the 14th corrects him and introduces himself as Nea. After Timcanpy destroyed the barrier an image of Mana appeared which stops the take over.

Allen's left eye activates and then he saw a woman's soul in Alma Karma's body. Angered by this, Alma's hatred reawakens and once more attempts to kill Kanda by activating his self-destruct.

The detonation blows Allen back and creates a crater. Kanda is seen on the brink of death and crumbling to pieces. Allen arrives back at Kanda's body just as Alma's body begins regenerating.

Alma begins to crawl as he searches for Kanda's body, saying that he "wants to be by his side. As Allen is carrying him, the dark-matter once more takes over Alma's body in an attempt to consume Alma's soul.

Kanda tells Allen to send both he and Alma to "the place where we had our first mission together", referring to Mater. Allen agrees and sends them both through an Ark Gate.

Allen than declares to the rest of the people witnessing the event that he cannot allow the Noah nor the Church to get in his way any longer.

Meanwhile, the Third Exorcists are still whirling out of the control, and the Exorcists are forced to battle and kill them.

Allen attempts to suppress Tokusa without killing him. As the Order members verbally apprehend Allen for letting Kanda and Alma escape, Allen refutes that they could save the Third Exorcists, and questions if the Order truly intends to destroy the Third Exorcist Project.

The Earl states that the Third Exorcists that are still rampaging show the long grudge Alma had for the Organization. Rouvelier then barks an order to go find Alma and destroy his body to stop the rampage, but Allen persists, prompting Rouvelier to declare that Allen is no longer an Exorcist.

Allen continues his attempt to persuade Tokusa, telling him that he isn't Alma, and that only Alma's cells are causing him to rampage.

Because it is Tokusa's body, he should be able to control. But Tokusa asks Allen why he bothers to even save him if Allen should just kill him.

Allen then asks back why the Third Exorcists are giving up so easily, and coaxes Tokusa into suppressing Alma's rage. However, Link arrives carrying Tewaku, and restrains Allen with seals, mistaking Allen for trying to kill Tokusa.

Tewaku transforms and tries to attack Allen, but Timcanpy appears as a huge monster and saves him in time.

The Earl whisks away Tokusa and the others for his own uses, declaring that he will return for the 14th Noah.

Manche Walarten sind zur Erzeugung von bis zu unterschiedlichen Lauten fähig. Vergleiche älterer mit heutigen Tonaufnahmen zeigen, dass sich die Zusammensetzung der Laute im Lauf der Jahre deutlich verändert bzw.

Die Wale jagen auch in der Gruppe, wobei sie sich häufig mit anderen Tierarten zusammentun. Buckelwale Megaptera novaeangliae bilden in Gemeinschaftsarbeit Blasenteppiche, mit denen sie Kleinfisch- und Krillschwärme eingrenzen und in denen sie dann mit geöffnetem Maul auftauchen.

Bei den meisten Walarten konnte man einen jahreszeitlichen Fortpflanzungszyklus feststellen, bei dem der Eisprung der Weibchen mit der Hauptaktivität der Hoden bei den Männchen zusammenfällt.

Dieser Zyklus ist meistens mit saisonalen Wanderungen gekoppelt, die bei vielen Arten zu beobachten sind.

Zur Paarung gehen die meisten Zahnwale keine festen Bindungen ein, bei vielen Arten haben auch die Weibchen mehrere Partner während einer Saison.

Die Bartenwale gelten dagegen als weitgehend monogam innerhalb der einzelnen Fortpflanzungsperioden, dauerhafte Bindungen gehen sie jedoch ebenfalls nicht ein.

Schweinswale tragen ebenso wie die riesigen Blauwale etwa 11 Monate. Wale bringen in der Regel immer nur ein Junges zur Welt, bei Zwillingsgeburten stirbt meistens ein Jungtier, da die Mutter nicht genügend Milch für beide Jungtiere aufbringen kann.

Die Geburt erfolgt bei den Zahnwalen meistens mit dem Schwanz voran, so dass die Gefahr des Ertrinkens für das Neugeborene minimal ist, bei den Bartenwalen mit dem Kopf voran.

Die meisten Wale werden spät geschlechtsreif, typischerweise mit sieben bis zehn Jahren. Diese Fortpflanzungsstrategie erbringt wenige Nachkommen, die dafür eine hohe Überlebensrate haben.

Auch hier gibt es sowohl schnellere Arten wie den La-Plata-Delfin , der bereits mit zwei Jahren geschlechtsreif ist, jedoch nur etwa 20 Jahre alt wird.

Der Pottwal erreicht die Geschlechtsreife dagegen erst mit etwa 20 Jahren, kann dafür aber zwischen 50 und Jahre alt werden.

Beinahe berüchtigt ist in diesem Zusammenhang der Schwertwal , der neben Robben , Pinguinen und anderen Meerestieren auch fast alle anderen Kleinwale attackiert.

Dennoch stellen die einzelnen Walkadaver , die in die Tiefsee abgesunken sind, wichtige abgeschlossene Ökosysteme auf dem Meeresgrund dar.

Erst neuere, aufwändige Expeditionen mit Hilfe von ferngesteuerten Unterwasserfahrzeugen ROVs , ermöglichten taxonomische und ökologische Forschungen an Walkadavern.

Dazu gehören unter anderem Ringelwürmer wie die Osedax -Arten. Möglicherweise sind schon der Aufprall der tonnenschweren Wale auf dem Meeresgrund und die sich dadurch ausbreitenden Druckwellen ein Signal für viele Tierarten, den Kadaver aufzusuchen.

Zu den ersten Besuchern zählen Haie und Raubfische. Die Zersetzung von Fett und Fleisch der Wale dauert mindestens ein Jahr und ist von einer Abfolge verschiedener Lebensgemeinschaften begleitet.

Auch die fettreichen Knochen der Wale können noch mehrere Jahre lang als Energielieferanten dienen. Spezialisierte Bakterien und Archaeen , die mit Hilfe der durch die Verwesung entstehenden Schwefelwasserstoffe Chemosynthese in der lichtlosen Tiefsee betreiben können, sind dann die Basis für die Ernährung von Muscheln und Krebsen.

Lange Zeit hatten Paläontologen wegen der ähnlichen Beschaffenheit von Schädel und Zähnen geglaubt, die Vorfahren der Wale seien die Mesonychia gewesen, eine Gruppe von fleischfressenden Huftieren mit umstrittener systematischer Stellung.

Später kam es zu Studien auf den Gebieten Molekularbiologie und Immunologie , die nachwiesen, dass die Wale stammesgeschichtlich eng mit den Paarhufern Artiodactyla verwandt sind.

Fossilfunde zu Beginn des Jahrhunderts haben dies bestätigt. Entsprechende Funde liegen aus den früheozänen Ablagerungen des Tethysmeeres in Nord indien und Pakistan vor.

Das Tethysmeer erstreckte sich während dieser Zeit als flaches Meer zwischen dem asiatischen Kontinent und der nordwärts strebenden Indischen Platte.

Den meisten molekularbiologischen Befunden zufolge sind die Flusspferde die nächsten lebenden Verwandten Schwestergruppe der Wale.

Für diese Auffassung sprechen auch einige gemeinsame anatomische Merkmale, etwa Übereinstimmungen in der Morphologie der hinteren Backenzähne.

Die ältesten Walfossilien sind hingegen etwa 50 Millionen Jahre alt. Demnach waren die nächsten Verwandten der frühen Wale die Raoellidae , eine ausgestorbene Gruppe von Paarhufern.

Raoellidae Indohyus , Khirharia u. Die vermutete nahe Verwandtschaft gründet sich Thewissen zufolge auf Merkmale des Raoelliden Indohyus.

Dies sind vor allem der knöcherne Ring am Felsenbein Bulla tympanica , dem Involucrum , ein Schädelmerkmal, das bislang nur von Walen bekannt war, sowie weiteren Merkmalen der Vorbackenzähne Prämolare und der Knochenstruktur.

Mithilfe des Fossilberichts lässt sich der allmähliche Übergang vom Land- zum Wasserlebewesen nachvollziehen. Die Rückbildung der Hinterbeine gestattete der Wirbelsäule eine höhere Flexibilität.

Dadurch wurde es möglich, dass Wale sich mit dem vertikalen Schwanzschlagen im Wasser fortbewegen. Die Vorderbeine wandelten sich zu Flossen um und verloren dabei ihre ursprüngliche Beweglichkeit.

Eine besondere und relativ späte Entwicklung trat bei den Bartenwalen auf: Sie bekamen Barten , das sind Strukturen aus einem hornähnlichen Protein.

Seine lange Schnauze weist eine ursprüngliche, carnivore Bezahnung auf. Dementsprechend wird Pakicetus in frühen Rekonstruktionsversuchen als ein amphibisch lebender Räuber dargestellt.

Dort bewegte er sich in gebeugter Haltung und robbte wahrscheinlich wie ein Seehund. Der Schwanz der Tiere war sehr kräftig und unterstützte die Fortbewegung.

Ambulocetus lebte in Mangrovenwäldern im Brackwasser und ernährte sich in der Uferzone als Beutegreifer von Fischen und anderen Wirbeltieren. Die Hinterbeine dieser Arten waren bereits stark zurückgebildet, und die Körperform erinnert an die der Robben.

Die bei Landsäugern im Bereich des Beckens verschmolzene Lendenwirbelsäule bestand bei ihm aus losen Einzelknochen, die eine Unterstützung der Schwimmbewegung des Rumpfes und Schwanzes ermöglichten.

Daher war er ein guter Schwimmer, konnte sich an Land dagegen wahrscheinlich nur relativ schwerfällig bewegen.

Die direkten Vorfahren der heutigen Wale findet man wahrscheinlich innerhalb der Dorudontidae , deren bekanntester Vertreter Dorudon zur selben Zeit wie Basilosaurus lebte.

Beide Gruppen hatten bereits das für die heutigen Wale typische Gehör entwickelt, das deutliche Anpassungen an ein Leben im Wasser zeigt wie die feste Bulla , die das Trommelfell der Landsäuger ersetzt, sowie schallleitende Elemente für das Richtungshören unter Wasser.

Die Handgelenke dieser Tiere waren versteift und trugen wahrscheinlich bereits die für heutige Wale typischen Flipper.

Die Hinterbeine waren ebenfalls noch vorhanden, jedoch deutlich verkleinert und mit einem verkümmerten Becken verbunden.

In der Folgezeit traten viele verschiedene Formen von Walen auf. Heute kennt man Fossilien von etwa Arten, die in der Mehrzahl verschwunden sind, aber deren Nachfahren heute alle Ozeane bevölkern.

Während es bis in die er Jahre noch Meinungen gab, dass Zahn- und Bartenwale sich aufgrund der Unterschiede im Körperbau, dem Schädel und auch der Lebensweise unabhängig voneinander entwickelt hätten, geht man heute von einem gemeinsamen Vorfahren aus und hält die Wale für monophyletisch.

Für diese Annahme sprechen eine Reihe von neuen, gemeinsamen Merkmalen aller Wale Synapomorphien , vor allem der typische Aufbau der Ohrkapsel und auch des Gehirns, sowie die Fossilfunde, die eine Rückführung aller heute lebenden Wale auf eine gemeinsame Stammgruppe zulassen.

Dies ist jedoch keine systematische Kategorie, sondern eine zusammenfassende Bezeichnung für die Kolosse der verschiedenen Walfamilien.

Namen für Meeres- und Seetiere sind innerhalb der indogermanischen Sprachen schwer vergleichbar. Vermutet wird derweil eine Verbindung zum romanischen lat.

Möglich ist allerdings auch, dass es sich um eine Entlehnung aus einer nicht-indogermanischen Sprache zu früh- germanischer Zeit handelt.

In der Antike waren Wale durch Aristoteles 4. Hier ist vor allem Plinius der Ältere zu nennen, der eine umfassende Naturgeschichte verfasste.

Auch in der Kunst dieser und nachfolgender Zeiten findet sich diese Vermischung wieder, so wurden Delfine seitdem mit einem hochgewölbten, für Schweinswale typischen Kopf und einer langen, für Delfine typischen Schnauze dargestellt.

Der Schweinswal stellt neben den Delfinen einen der am frühesten für die Forschung zugänglichen Wale dar, da er als Bewohner der flachen Küstenbereiche Europas auch vom Land aus beobachtet werden konnte.

Eine der ersten anatomischen Beschreibungen der Atemwege der Wale anhand eines Schweinswals stammt aus dem Jahr von John Ray , [16] der den Schweinswal dennoch den Fischen zuordnete, wie seit Aristoteles üblich.

Die Bedrohung der Wale geht bis auf wenige Ausnahmen direkt vom Menschen aus. Die Bedrohungen durch den Menschen lassen sich unterteilen in die direkte Bejagung durch den Walfang sowie die indirekten Gefahren wie die Fischerei und die Umweltbelastung.

Im Mittelalter waren die Gründe für den Walfang die enormen Mengen Fleisch, der als Brennstoff verwertbare Waltran und die Kieferknochen, die man im Hausbau verwendete.

Jahrhundert etwa Walfangschiffe mit Jahrhundert wurden vor allem Bartenwale bejagt, um den Bedarf der Korsett- und Reifrockhersteller an Fischbein zu decken.

Als in der zweiten Hälfte des Jahrhunderts die Sprengharpune erfunden und eingesetzt wurde, kam es zu einem massiven Ansteigen der erlegten Wale.

Ungefähr in der ersten Hälfte des In dieser Zeit wurde intensiv gejagt, in den er Jahren wurden jedes Jahr über Eine weitere Steigerung auf über Die meisten bejagten Walarten sind heute in ihrem Bestand bedroht.

Heute sind sie stark dezimiert, da ein Zuwachs nur langsam möglich ist. Vollständig ausgerottet wurden bereits der atlantische und der koreanische Grauwal , beim Atlantischen Nordkaper rechnet man heute noch mit etwa bis Tieren, der Blauwalbestand beträgt wahrscheinlich maximal Die ersten Bestrebungen zum Schutz der Wale wurden beschlossen.

Das Töten von Walen zu kommerziellen Zwecken wurde durch diese Organisation weltweit bis zum Jahr verboten. Allerdings werden auch heute noch Wale gejagt.

Vor allem japanische Walfangschiffe jagen Wale verschiedener Arten zu vorgeblich wissenschaftlichen Zwecken. Grönland und einigen indigenen Völkern der Welt ist der Walfang aus traditionellen Gründen und um ihr Überleben zu sichern erlaubt.

Island und Norwegen erkennen das Verbot nicht an und betreiben einen offenen kommerziellen Walfang. Länder wie Norwegen und Japan setzen sich für Beendigung des Moratoriums ein.

Sie fallen sehr häufig der Thunfischfischerei zum Opfer, weil sie sich oft in der Nähe von Thunfischschwärmen aufhalten. Dies ist auch den Fischern bekannt, weshalb sie oft nach Delfinen Ausschau halten, um Thunfische zu fangen.

Die Netze werden zusammengezogen, die Delfine verfangen sich unter Wasser und ertrinken. Im südostasiatischen Raum werden sie in ärmeren Ländern als Fisch-Ersatz an die einheimische Bevölkerung verkauft, da die eigentlichen Speisefische der Region im Export höhere Einnahmen versprechen.

Im Mittelmeer werden Kleinwale als Nahrungskonkurrenten verfolgt: Da der Stoffwechsel der Meeressäuger einen ungleich höheren Energiebedarf als bei Raubfischen zur Folge hat, werden sie gezielt vernichtet, um die Bestände der Speisefische nicht mit ihnen teilen zu müssen.

Die zunehmende Meeresverschmutzung stellt auch für die Meeressäuger ein ernst zu nehmendes Problem dar. Schwermetalle , Reste vieler Pflanzen- und Insektengifte sowie Plastikmüll-Treibgut sind biologisch nicht abbaubar.

Bei der Nahrungsaufnahme direkt oder über die Meerespflanzen und Beutetiere gelangen sie dann in den Körper der Wale.

In der Folge werden die Tiere anfälliger gegenüber Krankheiten und bekommen weniger Nachwuchs. Auch die Zerstörung der Ozonschicht wirkt sich auf die Wale aus, denn Plankton reagiert sehr empfindlich auf Strahlung und vermehrt sich weniger stark.

Dadurch schrumpft das Nahrungsangebot für viele Meerestiere, besonders betroffen sind aber die Bartenwale. Auch das Nekton wird, neben der intensiven Befischung, durch die intensivere UV-Einstrahlung geschädigt und ist als Futterquelle quantitativ und qualitativ eingeschränkt.

Ähnliche Auswirkungen kann zumindest längerfristig eine Übersäuerung der Ozeane durch vermehrte Aufnahme von Kohlenstoffdioxid CO 2 darstellen, ein Effekt, welcher der globalen Erwärmung entgegenwirkt, da er der sich erwärmenden Atmosphäre wieder Kohlenstoff abnimmt.

CO 2 reagiert mit dem Wasser zu Kohlensäure. Von diesem Plankton sind wiederum Wale abhängig, da es für viele Arten die Hauptnahrungsquelle darstellt.

Der Schall reicht sehr weit und entfaltet seine verhängnisvolle Wirkung noch in über hundert Kilometern Umkreis. Abhängig von den eingesetzten Frequenzen sind unterschiedliche Arten stärker oder weniger betroffen.

Es wird die Forderung erhoben, dass vor entsprechenden ausgedehnten Einsätzen von Sonartechnik zunächst, gegebenenfalls ebenfalls mit Sonar, ausgeschlossen werden muss, dass sich viele Meeressäuger in der Umgebung befinden.

Dabei sind es vor allem Kleinwale wie die Delfine und Schweinswale, die intensiver beobachtet werden konnten und somit in die Mythologie dieser Völker eingehen konnten.

Felszeichnungen aus der Steinzeit , wie sie etwa in Roddoy und Reppa Norwegen gefunden wurden, zeigen, dass die Tiere auch frühen Kulturen bekannt waren.

Wal-Knochen wurden zu zahlreichen Zwecken verwendet. Bei den antiken Griechen wurde der Wal bereits von Homer erstmals erwähnt.

Von diesem leitete sich auch die lateinische Bezeichnung der Römer für Wal, cetus , ab. Besonders ausführlich werden Wale bei Aristoteles, Plinius und Ambrosius beschrieben.

Alle erwähnen sowohl die Viviparie als auch die Säugung der Jungtiere. Plinius beschreibt die mit den Lungen verbundenen Spritzröhren, und Ambrosius behauptet sogar, Wale nähmen ihre Jungtiere zum Schutz ins Maul.

Bartenwale sind offenbar nur Aristoteles bekannt. In der Bibel spielt vor allem der Leviathan als Meeresungeheuer eine Rolle. Gerühmt werden seine Schnelligkeit, seine Sprünge, seine Intelligenz und seine geringe Menschenscheu.

Sein geistiges Vermögen wird sowohl durch seine Fähigkeit, aus den Fangnetzen der Fischern entkommen zu können als auch bei seiner Zusammenarbeit mit Fischern beim Fischfang wahrgenommen.

Bei Letzteren erfolgte offenbar eine Gleichsetzung mit Haien und Welsen. Angeblich griffen sie dort sogar Krokodile an.

In der Mythologie der Griechen nehmen Delfine einigen Raum ein. Aufgrund ihrer Intelligenz retteten sie mehrfach Menschen vor dem Ertrinken.

Ebenso bekannt waren sie für ihre Anhänglichkeit an schöne Knaben, mit denen sie zum Teil sogar in den Tod gingen. Delfine gehörten zum Gefolge des Poseidon und führten diesem auch seine Gattin Amphitrite zu.

Doch werden Delphine auch mit anderen Göttern, beispielsweise Apollon , Dionysos und Aphrodite in Verbindung gebracht.

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