7. Sept. Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel empfängt am Sonntagabend, den September, den österreichischen Bundeskanzler Sebastian Kurz zu. Angela Merkel ist erneut zur Bundeskanzlerin gewählt worden. Auch ihre Minister sind ernannt. Die neue große Koalition steht damit. Angela Merkel hat "ja" gesagt. Sie kann sich vorstellen, zum vierten Mal unsere Bundeskanzlerin zu werden. Dafür muss sie allerdings erst einmal gewählt.
Bundeskanzler Merkel VideoSCHWIERIGES PFLASTER: Kanzlerin Merkel besucht Dresden
Sedan har Merkel varit direktvald ledamot av Tysklands förbundsdag. Hon har tidigare verkat som forskare i kvantkemi och har en doktorsexamen Dr.
Strax efter dotterns födelse kom Merkels far Horst Kasner att flytta med familjen till Östtyskland för att verka som präst där, och Merkel växte upp i staden Templin där fadern ledde det lokala prästseminariet.
Hon var som de flesta skolbarn medlem i Pionierorganisation Ernst Thälmann och sedermera även medlem i den frivilliga statliga ungdomsorganisationen Freie Deutsche Jugend.
Familjen valde en kyrklig konfirmation istället för den i Östtyskland brukliga sekulära ceremonin Jugendweihe. Hon studerade därefter fysik vid Leipzigs universitet och doktorerade i kvantkemi vid den östtyska vetenskapsakademins Centrum för fysikalisk kemi i Adlershof i Östberlin.
Merkel mötte sin nuvarande make , kvantkemisten Joachim Sauer , som hon sedermera gifte sig med Merkel talar flytande ryska.
Hon engagerade sig i samband med den demokratiska revolutionen i DDR i den oppositionella partibildningen Demokratischer Aufbruch , som gick samman med östtyska CDU.
Hon har som direktvald ledamot av Tysklands förbundsdag för CDU representerat valkretsen Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen i Landkreis Vorpommern-Rügen , med 49,3 procent av valkretsens röster i förbundsdagsvalet Merkel är sedan april partiordförande för CDU.
Merkel blev heller inte CDU: Under mandatperioden — stärkte Merkel dock sin ställning i partiet betydligt och var i stort sett oomstridd som kanslerskandidat inför det tidigarelagda förbundsdagsvalet Valresultatet blev dock annorlunda: Hon lät meddela i slutet av oktober , efter partiets nederlag i ett val i Hessen , att hon inte skulle ställa upp till omval som partiledare vid partiets kongress i december Den 22 november valdes Merkel av förbundsdagen till Tysklands förbundskansler.
Hon spelade en central roll i förhandlingarna om Lissabonfördraget och Berlindeklarationen. In the German Empire , the imperial chancellor Reichskanzler served both as the emperor's first minister, and as presiding officer of the Bundesrat , the upper chamber of the German parliament.
He was neither elected by nor responsible to Parliament the Reichstag. Instead, the chancellor was appointed by the emperor. Technically, the foreign ministers of the empire's states instructed their states' deputies to the federal council Bundesrat and therefore outranked the chancellor.
For this reason, Prince Bismarck as he was from onwards continued to serve as both prime minister and foreign minister of Prussia for virtually his entire tenure as chancellor of the empire, since he wanted to continue to exercise this power.
Since Prussia controlled seventeen votes in the Bundesrat, Bismarck could effectively control the proceedings by making deals with the smaller states.
The term chancellor signalled the seemingly low priority of this institution compared to the governments of the German states, because the new chancellor of the federal empire should not be a full-fledged prime minister, in contrast to the heads of the states.
The title of chancellor additionally symbolized a strong monarchist, bureaucratic, and ultimately antiparliamentary component, as in the Prussian tradition of, for instance, Hardenberg.
In , the concept of the federal chancellor was transferred to the executive of the newly formed German Empire, which now also contained the South German states.
For this reason, neither the chancellor nor the leaders of the imperial departments under his command used the title of Minister until The constitution of Germany was altered on 29 October , when the parliament was given the right to dismiss the chancellor.
However, the change could not prevent the outbreak of a revolution a few days later. Ebert continued to serve as head of government during the three months between the end of the German Empire in November and the first gathering of the National Assembly in February , but did not use the title of Chancellor.
The office of chancellor was continued in the Weimar Republic. The chancellor Reichskanzler was appointed by the president and was responsible to the parliament.
Under the Weimar Republic, the chancellor was a fairly weak figure. Much like his French counterpart , he served as little more than a chairman.
Cabinet decisions were made by majority vote. In fact, many of the Weimar governments depended highly on the cooperation of the president, due to the difficulty of finding a majority in the parliament.
See Reichskanzler — in List of Chancellors of Germany. Upon taking office, Hitler immediately began accumulating power and changing the nature of the chancellorship.
After only two months in office, and following the burning of the Reichstag building, the parliament passed the Enabling Act giving the chancellor full legislative powers for a period of four years — the chancellor could introduce any law without consulting Parliament.
Powers of the chancellor continued to grow until August , when the incumbent President Paul von Hindenburg died. Hitler used the Enabling Act to merge the office of chancellor with that of the president to create a new office, "the leader".
Although the offices were merged, Hitler continued to be addressed as " Führer und Reichskanzler" indicating that the head of state and head of government were still separate positions, albeit held by the same man.
This separation was made more evident when, in April , Hitler gave instruction that upon his death the office of leader would dissolve and there would be a new president and chancellor.
On 30 April , when Hitler committed suicide, he was briefly succeeded as chancellor by Joseph Goebbels , as dictated in Hitler's will and testament.
The German constitution, the Basic Law Grundgesetz , invests the chancellor German, Bundeskanzler with broad powers to initiate government policy.
For that reason, some observers refer to the German political system as a "chancellor democracy". The federal government Bundesregierung consists of the chancellor and his or her cabinet ministers.
The chancellor's authority emanates from the provisions of the Basic Law and in practice from his or her status as leader of the party or coalition of parties holding a majority of seats in the Bundestag federal parliament.
With the exception of Helmut Schmidt , the chancellor has also been chairman of his or her own party. The German chancellor is officially addressed as "Herr Bundeskanzler" if the chancellor is a man.
The current holder of this office, Angela Merkel , considered to be the planet's most influential woman by Forbes Magazine, is officially addressed as "Frau Bundeskanzlerin", the feminine form of the title.
Use of the mixed form "Frau Bundeskanzler" was deprecated by the government in because it is regarded as impolite and was seen as a way of acknowledging Merkel's future leadership.
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States Länder Administrative regions Regierungsbezirke. Electoral system Political parties Referendums. Chancellor of Germany —. Bundeskanzlerin is a grammatically regular formation of a noun denoting a female chancellor, adding "-in" to the end of Bundeskanzler , though the word was not used officially before Merkel.
List of Chancellors of Germany. Germany portal Politics portal. Retrieved from " https: Chancellors of Germany Lists of political office-holders in Germany establishments in Germany.
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